2011) demonstrate that board diversity improves the informativeness
of stock prices.
Rather than make the unhappy assumption that the speaker is simply being uncooperative, an average listener will try to preserve the assumption that the speaker is following the informativeness
principle by casting about for an alternative explanation.
If the ISO expense reduces the informativeness
of earnings, then we would expect the modified GAAP earnings model to decrease in explanatory power and the modified Core Earnings model to increase in explanatory power.
Usefulness links back to the informativeness
of the object (as identified by Shavitt, Lowrey, and Haefner 1998) in shaping a consumer's attitude toward an object.
For each contract represented in the 2008-2009 MCAHPS survey, we estimated the contract-level reliability and informativeness
of eight CAHPS measures (see Appendix Table A1) for Medicare Advantage contracts and of two prescription drug composites for free-standing PDP contracts via mixed linear regression models.
Estimation of genotypic diversity of heterozygosity and PIC value informativeness
of MS markers were previously used for the determining the animal breed selection (Berthouly et al.
In terms of informativeness
, one can describe this shot as a very steep climb from the nullest level to a highly informative one" (Landau 760).
This paper investigates the impact of related party (RP) transactions on earnings informativeness
as perceived by investors and the quality of earnings forecasts made by financial analysts.
Cohen, Dey, and Lys (2008) report that management of accounting earnings by firms decreased significantly, without any change in the informativeness
of earnings, after the passage of SOX.
Fathers' assessment of the newsletter's informativeness
and usefulness in parenting both significantly contributed to how fathers/father figures responded to the newsletter in their parenting knowledge and efforts.
Not surprisingly, informativeness
of advertising information is therefore strongly related to the advertising value when it is transferred via traditional media vehicles (Ducoffe, 1995).
That is, biomarkers are dynamic and they will vary in their informativeness
depending on when they are measured.
The findings on ROE and EPS are consistent with Leung and Horwitz (2004)findings where East Asian firms have high concentrated ownership resulting to lower informativeness
of earnings as reflected in the earnings-return relation.
The Rp of a primer was calculated as Rp=[summation over (lb)], where Ib describes relative band informativeness
and takes the value 1-(2 x [absolute value of 10.
These factors included entertainment, informativeness
, irritation, and credibility.