The bill would require a coal ash impoundment
owner to submit to the EPA a "closure alternatives analysis" addressing several closure scenarios and options laid out in the legislation.
"Within the first 36 hours of opening up these culverts," Shenker continued, "snook after snook after snook after tarpon all went flooding out of the impoundments
. We saw more fish flooding out of the impoundments
in two days than we saw leaving over the entire previous winter, and that was really encouraging.
The Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency (TWRA) owns and operates 18 small impoundments
in middle and west Tennessee known as "Family Fishing Lakes," which are specifically managed to provide recreational fishing opportunities.
"This will also allow objective analysis of the impact of a tidal impoundment
on a wide range of scales, from the microscopic through to local site-specific aspects and across the region."
It is a rich man's game to create an impoundment
and hunt waterfowl with the expectation of limiting most days.
Thomas Jefferson set precedent for impoundment
in 1803 when he suspended the purchase of 15 gunboats.
According to the EPA website, during its 64-year operating life, ORC placed process wastes, including hazardous wastes, in impoundments
, treated them, or tilled them into the soil.
Among the topics are considerations for building small impoundments
, biological productivity of small impoundments
, assessing and harvesting largemouth bass-bluegill ponds, fish kills in recreational ponds, community fishing ponds, and managing small impoundments
For a brief period of time, the catastrophe focused the nation's attention on the health and environmental risks posed by dumping coal ash in unlined pits in the ground referred to as "surface impoundments
." (11) Prominent national environmental groups demanded greater protection from Congress and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), both of which had long skittered away from confronting the problem in the face of unyielding resistance by electric utilities to any hint of regulatory intervention that would compel the safer disposal of coal ash and the reinforcement of old, poorly designed, and carelessly maintained coal-ash dumps.
Both alternatives would see the agency establish safety requirements to address surface impoundments
' structural integrity.
An April 2010 risk assessment by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) indicated that CCW disposal in unlined landfills and surface impoundments
presents substantial risks to human health and the environment from releases of toxic constituents (particularly arsenic and selenium) into surface and groundwater.
Control Act of 1974 (ICA) was enacted to tighten congressional control over presidential impoundments
and establish a procedure under which Congress could consider the merits of rescissions proposed by the President.
Geomorphologic and hydrographical properties of the drainage canals predict the shape and quantitative characteristics of beaver impoundments
in these water bodies.