compression syndrome (IVCS), also known as May–Thurner syndrome or Cockett syndrome, is characterized by left common iliac vein
(LCIV) compression by the right iliac artery (RIA) and the fifth lumbar vertebra.
This equates to an increase in iliac vein
outflow of approximately 550 mL/min in a 70 kg adult male.
Anterograde movement is a frequent finding however, this report is concerned about retrograde migration of a bullet from thorax to the abdomen into the right common iliac vein
Large ext ernal iliac vein
aneurysm in a patient with a post traumatic fem oral art eriovenous fistula.
Cansu, "Duplication of the inferior vena cava with azygos continuation, retroaortic left renal vein and iliac vein
variations," Bratislavska Lekarske Listy, vol.
lower borderline was the opening of the deep circumflex iliac vein
Contrast abdominopelvic CT showed an old complete thrombosis of the left common iliac vein
, recent complete thromboses of the left venous junctions (external and internal iliac veins
, common femoral deep and superficial veins, ascending lumbar vein and various presacral collaterals), dilated azygos vein, partial eccentric thrombosis of the IVC, approximately 18 mm lower than the flow level of the right renal vein, with a 5mm clot on a length of 27mm, with a reduced caliber on almost its entire length from the origin to the level of the caudate lobe.
They ran some blood tests and an ultrasound and found a massive blood clot that went from the top of my thigh to my iliac vein
in my pelvis.
In addition, a thrombus was identified in the right ovarian vein and the iliac vein
Transseptal catheterization was performed from the left groin to align the tracking of balloon and septal puncture needle with IVC and common iliac vein
and facilitate LV entry.
In 45 cases involved in vascular injuries, the Left common iliac vein
injured in 32 cases, right common iliac vein
in 3 cases, left internal iliac artery in 3 cases, left common iliac artery in 4 cases, left internal iliac vein
in 2 cases and inferior vena cava in one case.
MDCTV and venography were compared in 21 patients (6 male, 15 female; average age 55 years, range 33-78 years); 8 also underwent endovascular iliac vein
An entry angle of 45[degrees] to 60[degrees] will carry the needle or trocar toward the bladder or uterus and away from the aorta and left common iliac vein
Left external & internal iliac veins
drains into the retroperitoneal collaterals due to absence of left common iliac vein
Complications examined include: any type of screw back-out, screw breakage, implant breakage, migration of Interbody fusion device, puncture of Iliac vein
, pulmonary embolism, urinary tract infection and peritoneal tear.