As a result, ARF in our case was thought to result from hypovolemia
related to the vomiting and limited oral intake of the patient.
Administration of even modest amounts of intravenous saline provides abundant osmoles (approximately 300 mOsm/L), can correct hypovolemia
(and suppress vasopressin release), and thus overpromptly correct the hyponatremia.
Endothelial damage results in extravasation of fluid and red blood cells, followed by edema, swelling, and potentially reduced circulating blood volume leading to hypotension, hypovolemia
, and shock.
In the case of prolonged diarrhea, severe volume depletion of the extracellular fluid can occur, producing a condition called hypovolemia
Students learn to become more aware of assessment findings in patients, including subtle changes in mental status or low-grade fever, which may be early signs of dehydration, hypovolemia
, urinary tract infection, or sepsis.
PE is associated with hypovolemia
and hemoconcentration, and severity is evidenced clinically by a rising HCT.
Certainly the potential for hypovolemia
is also present which may also compromise tissue oxygenation.
Although dural rupture during surgery and CSF hypovolemia
are thought to be the main contributing factors to the above, we have great reservations about the types of chronic medications the patient was having.
For example, Kerner-Morrison syndrome causes intractable secretory diarrhea, resulting in hypovolemia
, hypokalemia, and prostration.
He testified that obvious signs of coagulation problems would be bleeding from her IV sites and surfaces, a drop in blood pressure, and increased heart rate due to hypovolemia
In situations involving hypovolemia
, blood loss, and shock, the sympathetic nervous system compensates for blood loss through a sequential vasoconstriction beginning at the periphery in order to preserve perfusion to vital organs.
Breathing Through an Inspiratory Threshold Device Improves Stroke Volume During Central Hypovolemia
The inquest into Manon's death heard she died of hypovolemia
, an abnormal decrease in blood volume, and shock caused by remains of the embryo - which had not shown up on an ultrasound scan.
Dr Hugh White told the inquest Miss Jones died of hypovolemia
, an abnormal decrease in blood volume, and shock caused by "retained products of conception" - remains of the foetus.
This syndrome can result in electrolyte abnormalities, acidosis, clotting disorders, hypovolemia
, and acute renal failure.