In this model, the sperm shows normal motility activation in response to hypotonicity
upon ejaculation, but it displays impaired sperm volume regulation and progressive cell swelling at the level of the cytoplasmic droplet, which increases tail bending and hampers sperm migration in the oviduct, resulting in reduced fertilization (Chen et al.
The patient in the second scenario is post-operative, a common risk factor for hypotonicity
Yet regardless of their anatomical or physiological specifications, each muscle has its unique tonus, wherein muscular dysfunction is always manifested either as hyper- or hypotonicity
6] Due to the hypotonicity
of all these fluids, absorption and water intoxication may occur.
TRPV4 activation by 4[alpha]-PDD or hypotonicity
strongly increased MMP-1 secretion, indicating that in airway epithelia, TRPV4 activation is sufficient to up-regulate MMP-1 (Figure 3D).
This suggests hypotonicity
may be a factor that decreases resting energy expenditure (Bauer et al.
This work was aimed at investigating the effect of the ethanol extract of coconut on egg albumin induced inflammation and gastric mucosal damage induced by indomethacin on Wistar albino rats, and the membrane stabilization ability of the extract on hypotonicity
induced haemolysis of red blood cells.
Apparent digital vasomotor hypotonicity
in the remission stage of acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis.
Initial trials tested the effect of hypotonicity
on both cell lines.
The last three chapters discuss activities that can be incorporated in the management of children with hypotonicity
or delayed sensory motor development and include activities for reflex integration and manipulative activities.
At the end of incubation (72h), cultures were centrifuged at 144 x g for 5min to separate the supernatants and 4mL of 75mM potassium chloride was added to the pelleted cells to produce hypotonicity
Haemolysis occurred in two patients and this was attributed to the hypotonicity
of the solution (2).