Although ambiguous genetalia was the commonest presentation but CAIS mainly presented with inguinal hernia or primary amenorrhea and partial gonadal dysgenesis presented with delayed puberty and micropenis or hypospadias
Complications in males often include hypospadias
, ambiguous genitalia, and infertility.
A First: hypospadias
, if mild, probably doesn't have to be repaired at all.
is a congenital disorder of the urethra where the urinary opening is not at the usual location.
Around 300 procedures are described to repair hypospadias
Methods: This is a retrospective study that reviewed all patients who underwent concurrent surgical repair for both hypospadias
and inguinal pathologies between January 2003 and November 2015.
Material and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted at Department of Urology Lahore General Hospital Lahore affiliated with Postgraduate Medical Institute Lahore from 1st January 2015 to 31December 2015 during which Duckett's urethroplasty was done for 42 male children with hypospadias
With this approach, a child would no longer need to suffer from complications of the current treatment for hypospadias
Studies using animal models of prenatal endocrine dysfunction have shown increased incidence rates for cryptorchidism, hypospadias
, and low sperm quality following exposure to environmental compounds that may be acting through an anti-androgenic mode of action (Gray et al.
Globally, one out of every 200 male children born is prone to have hypospadias
, a condition where the urethra doesn't open at the tip of the penis, but somewhere in the middle.
Methods: In this randomized double-blind placebo controlled trial, after obtaining informed consent from parents or legal guardians, 42 children undergoing surgical treatment of hypospadias
were randomized in two groups to receive either IV dexamethasone 0.
Methods: The experimental study was conducted at the Department of Urology, Indus Hospital, Karachi, and comprised an audit of patients with proximal hypospadias
who underwent surgery from July 1, 2007, to December 31, 2011.
Other abnormalities associated with hypospadias
such as retained testicles, bifid scrotum as in the present case, renal agenesis, bone or anorectal defects, umbilical hernia, hydroencephalus and urinary incontinence (McFarland and Deniz, 1961 and Hobson, 1983).
Two boys born to women who took a TNFi had minor malformations, one with nasal bone aplasia, retrognathia, and hydronephrosis, and the other with hypospadias
RSS affects many physical features, usually manifesting with a small and triangular face, broad forehead, and genitourinary anomalies, such as cryptorchidism, hypospadias
, and small testes and penis.