hypoplasia


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Words related to hypoplasia

underdevelopment of an organ because of a decrease in the number of cells

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In this study, we identified two novel heterozygous variants in the LHCGR gene (c.349G>A, p.Gly117Arg and c.878C>A, p.Ser293 (*)) causing type 1 Leydig cell hypoplasia in a 2.75 year old patient presenting with female external genitalia and bilateral testis tissue in the inguinal region.
High resolution chest CT done showed bronchial atresia of right middle and lower lobe bronchi with simultaneous hypoplasia of right middle and lower lung lobes.
Facial abnormalities (microcephaly, mid facial hypoplasia, flat face and hypertelorism) were spotted in five (20.8%) cases.
The features of Treacher Collins syndrome along with correlation with the present case Clinical features of TCS For the Our Case Absent (-)/Present(+) Hypoplasia of the zygomatic bones + Hypoplasia of the mandible + Microtia + Conductive hearing loss + External auditory canal atresia/stenosis + Hypoplasia of middle ear ossicles + Cleft palate with or without cleft lip - Preauricular hair displacement - Antimongoloid slant of palpebral fissures + Lower eyelid abnormalities Coloboma - Sparse or absent eyelashes + Ophtalmologic defects - TCS: Treacher Collins Syndrome
Adrenal hypoplasia congenita (AHC) is a rare disorder inherited as an autosomal recessive or X-linked disease.
In ruminants, its defining features include spinal inversion, exposure of the abdominal viscera because of a fissure of the ventral abdominal wall, limb ankylosis, positioning of the limbs adjacent to the skull and, lung and diaphragm hypoplasia. Variable components of schistosomus reflexus include scoliosis, cleft sternum, exposure of thoracic viscera, and abnormalities of the digestive and urogenital systems.
While the group that benefited the least was the congenital glaucoma group: OD hypoplasia was the case that revealed the least benefit.
Studies on dental enamel hypoplasia have been used by different paleontologists as stress indicator in evaluation of palaeo-environments.
Among the topics are inheritance patterns, ethical issues, primary congenital glaucoma and juvenile open angle glaucoma, Margan syndrome and other causes of ectopic lentis, familial exudative vitreoretinopathy, retinitis pigmentosa, cone-rod dystrophy, enhanced S-cone syndrome and other NR2ES-related retinal dystrophies, congenital stationary night blindness, optic nerve hypoplasia, and Leber hereditary optic neuropathy.
The aim of the study was primarily to evaluate the prevalence of sleep bruxism in IBD patients compared to controls and secondarily its correlation to the presence of other stomatognathic system disorders (TMD, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, enamel wear defects, and enamel hypoplasia) and the quality of sleep and related psychological disturbances.
While aniridia is named for iris hypoplasia, a feature of the trait that is often readily evident without a specialized examination, the main causes of early visual impairment are optic nerve and foveal hypoplasia.
Developmental defects of the enamel are basically classified under two main categories: enamel hypoplasia and enamel hypomineralization caused by an insult to the ameloblasts during amelogenesis.
The absence or poor definition of the foveal pit at the centre of the macula is normally called foveal hypoplasia [1, 2].
Type II thumbs have thumb-index web space narrowing, hypoplasia intrinsic thenar muscles, and metacarpal joint instability.