Patients with hypokalemia
are often chloride-depleted.
is the most common electrolyte abnormality in patients with dRTA.
Secondary forms are more common and are the result of acquired hypokalemia
such as thyrotoxicosis, hyperaldosteronism, diabetic ketoacidosis, diarrhea, vomiting, drugs or RTA.
in dRTA is sometimes severe and produces muscle weakness.
Additional large-scale studies are needed on the prevalence of hypokalemia
in nonselected populations undergoing bowel cleansing and on the occurrence of potentially very serious side effects in order to decide on screening of high-risk groups in daily clinical practice.
very early observations indicated that electrolyte disorders are often coincident with, for example, hypokalemia
and hypomagnesemia often occurring together.
KEYWORDS: Hyperthyroid periodic paralysis; Hypokalemia
The most common electrolyte disturbances in cancer are: hypercalcemia, hyponatremia and hypernatremia, hypokalemia
and hyperkalemia, and hypomagnesemia.
Pathophysiological consequences of excessive aldosterone secreted are related to the increase in sodium and water retention, and increased potassium excretion, which can trigger systemic arterial hypertension and severe hypokalemia
Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy, which are very common (occurring in about 70% of pregnant women ), can lead to severe hypokalemia
in a patient with GS.
Based on guidelines from the Endocrine Society, primary aldosteronism should be suspected in young patients with moderate to severe hypertension, patients with hypertension and coexisting hypokalemia
, any patient with hypertension and an incidental adrenal adenoma, and hypertension in the setting of a significant family history of early onset hypertension or cerebral vascular accident in a first degree relative less than 40 years of age (1).
is a critical electrolyte abnormality associated with hyperaldosteronism (Kogika and de Morais, 2008).
In 2010, Kjeldsen published a review of the causes of hypokalemia
and sudden cardiac death.
Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis is an endocrine disorder characterized by the presence of motor weakness or paralysis, hypokalemia
, and clinical signs or laboratory findings consistent with hyperthyroidism.
The result is the triple harms of hypertension, hypokalemia
, and metabolic acidosis, explained Dr.