hallucinations are vivid dreamlike sensations that you experience as you are falling asleep.
The symptoms experienced by the patient in this case are also phenomenologically similar to hypnagogic
Narcolepsy is characterized by excessive sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic
hallucinations, and sleep paralysis during the rapid eye movement period of sleep.
While King Rat is a dangerous, hateful character for Saul, his coercive techniques are eclipsed by the Piper's hypnagogic
Nathaniel Hawthorne s short story "The May-Pole of Merry Mount" is a work containing several boundaries and liminal spaces which reflect the hypnagogic
state between sleep and consciousness.
The journey undertaken is from the familiar known world into the unknown and unfamiliar as if from the 'hypnagogic
' to the 'hypnopompic.'14
SLEEP 'STARTS' THAT feeling of falling that jerks you awake just as you're drifting off is also known as hypnagogic
"Sleep starts - also known as hypnagogic
jerks - are just part of the process of moving from awake to asleep, explains Dr Jason Ellis, Director of Northumbria Centre for Sleep Research.
Sacks notes that hypnagogic
(just before sleep) images are similar to hallucinations and are estimated to occur in the majority of people.
One of the first of these contemporary hypnotic psi studies, by Del Prete and Tressoldi (2005), used "hypnotic sessions" to produce a "hypnagogic
state" in order to facilitate scoring on a forced-choice ESP task using static targets.
Narcolepsy is an obstinate neurological disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic
hallucinations, sleep paralysis, and disturbed nocturnal sleep patterns.
As Wilbur remarks, the fluid shifting of the figures suggests the behavior of hypnagogic
images; but the agitation of the draperies would also produce a perpetual ambiguity of architectural form, and the effect would resemble that which Pevsner ascribes to the interior of San Vitale in Ravenna; "a sensation of uncertainty [and] of a dreamlike floating." (Wilbur 1967: 112)
Mishara does not focus on emotions but looks into the connections between the creative mind and anomalous states of consciousness so as find neural mechanisms of hypnagogic
The patient was a six-year-old girl whose parents reported all four cardinal symptoms of narcolepsy--paroxysmal sleep, cataplexy, hypnagogic
hallucinations, and sleep paralysis--but she was misdiagnosed as having atypical epilepsy (despite the absence of EEG evidence) and a variety of other diagnoses by several internists and neurologists at eight hospitals over a period of 10 months before the correct diagnosis was confirmed by conducting a Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) and an overnight polysomnography (PSG).
Stich notes that "Almeda's period, in conjunction with her evidently hypnagogic
sensitivities and loss of ordinary consciousness, causes her to connect with her mother, seemingly trying to redeem her by unthreading the symbolic roses from the constraints of conventional artifice or social decorum" (120).