A study conducted from 2010 to 2013 that looked at suicidal hangings in India found hyoid
damage in just 16 of 264 cases.
Jonathan Arden, president of the National Association of Medical Examiners, said a hyoid
can be broken in many circumstances, but is more commonly associated with homicidal strangulation than suicidal hanging.
The Washington Post, which cited two people familiar with the autopsy report, said that Epstein had multiple broken bones in his neck, including the hyoid
bone which is close to the Adam's apple in men.
Further diagnostic tests, in this case, repeated radiographs and computed tomography scans, were ultimately pursued to determine that the mineral opacity was a luxated bone of the hyoid
apparatus and had no role in the observed respiratory infection.
KEY WORDS: Breathing, Nasal obstruction, Cephalometry, Posture, Hyoid
In turn, stabilization of the mandible allows the suprahyoid muscles to contract and consequently, movement of the hyoid
bone upward and forward, guaranteeing safe deglutition.
bone position was determined using Hyoid
triangle analysis (5) (Figure 1.).
Two additional muscles indirectly lower it: the sternohyoid (sternum to hyoid
bone) and the omohyoid (scapula to hyoid
The SMs pull the hyoid
bone up and forward while swallowing, which helps to close the nasopharyngeal area and prevent food from refluxing into the respiratory tract.
In addition, we observed not only that his left styloid process was elongated (3.0 cm), but also that his stylohyoid ligament was calcified to the hyoid
and possibly fractured (figure 2).
It is situated in the pretracheal region between the isthmus and the hyoid
The mechanism involves a set of bones in the snipefish head and is latched in place by the specific arrangement of a small pair of hyoid
bones located below the eye in the "cheek" region of the fish.
Scientists made the discovery by comparing hyoid
bones that anchor the tongue in dinosaur fossils and modern bird and alligator specimens.
Researchers made the discovery by comparing the hyoid
bones - the bones that support and ground the tongue - of modern birds and crocodiles with those of their extinct dinosaur relatives.
(3) compiled the proposed mechanisms of HNP (with or without lingual or recurrent laryngeal nerves) with regard to the location of the injury after airway management into four groups (3): (1) the nerve compression or impingement at the hyoid
bone where the nerve is superficial in its course, (2) the nerve stretching at the lateral aspect of the transverse process of the first cervical vertebrae, (3) the shearing of the distal nerve fibres that supply motor input to the tongue with a laryngoscope blade and (4) a calcified stylohyoid ligament (4).