In patients with malignancy and hydrothorax
, it confirms a significant symptomatic relief.
4- Critical ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: It is diagnosed when there is severe ascites or hydrothorax
, hematocrit >55%, white cell count >25000/mL, oliguria or anuria, creatinine [greater than or equal to]1.6 mg/dL, creatinine clearance <50 mL/min, thromboembolism, or acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Indications for TIPS included either esophageal varices or ascites; none of the NRH subjects had hepatic hydrothorax
listed as an indication.
With a perforation of small veins, life-threatening complications such as pericardial tamponade, hydrothorax
, or hydromediastinum may occur .
The second case was a 53-year-old female [177 cm (5'10) 93 kg (205)] with history of ADPKD with similar symptoms as the first case; she had a hepatic hydrothorax
that required monthly tapping to improve her shortness of breath.
At 23+5 weeks of gestation a follow-up scan was performed and a massive hydrocephalus (Figures 1(a) and 1(b)), severe hydrothorax
, ascites, and hepatomegaly were found.
The certain uncommon complications like abdominal hernias, chyloperitoneum, hydrothorax
, non occlusive mesenteric ischemia, encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis and sudden death were not found in our study as their incidence increases in long term PD in elderly patients and with certain other predisposing factors.
Pneumothorax and hydrothorax
were complications that were reported during lung lavage in children (1).
Pancreaticopleural fistula causing massive right hydrothorax
and respiratory failure.
Mild-to-severe forms of clinical findings such as leukocytosis, hemoconcentration, hypovolemia, edema, ascites, hydrothorax
, pericardial effusion, thromboembolic events, oligo or anuria, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and multiple organ failure can be seen due to extravasation of intravascular protein-rich fluid to the third spaces.
Primarily this relates to treatment of refractory variceal hemorrhage (1) but is also used in secondary prevention of variceal hemorrhage, and to treat refractory ascites, Budd-Chiari syndrome, hepatic hydrothorax
(2), and occasionally as a therapy for portal vein thrombosis (3).
There was hydrothorax
with accumulation of straw coloured fluid (Fig.1).
is one of the complications of liver cirrhosis, which may cause shortness of breath as well, occurring in less than 10% of cirrhotic patients with known portal hypertension .
The nonmalign (benign) pathology comprises pleural plaques, pleural thickness, pulmonary effusions or hydrothorax
, rounded atelectasis, lung fibrosis (asbestosis), and chronic airway obstruction.
is defined as a pleural effusion volume greater than 500 mL in a patient with liver cirrhosis, not otherwise explained by a cardiopulmonary or primary pleural process [1-3].