Our team has just evaluated the diagnosis performance of four immunological diagnosis kits for clonorchiasis in China. It is found that among the many different heterologous sera from cases with other parasitic diseases (including schistosomiasis, paragonimiasis, trichinellosis, ascariasis, hookworm disease
, and trichuriasis), those from paragonimiasis show most serious cross-reactivity to the antigens of C.
Ashford's group preferred the term "uncinariasis" to refer to "hookworm disease
" (U.S.) or "ancylostomiasis" (Old World), in recognition to the identification of a New World species (which sets forth the precedent dispute of past and present times).
The public health importance of hookworm disease
In yet another example of how printed media painted a negative picture of Puerto Ricans, several West coast newspapers blamed them for the spread of hookworm disease
(uncinariasis) in the San Francisco Bay area.
Commonly, this would include a history of immersion in inland rivers and dams for schistosomiasis, pica for ascariasis and trichuriasis (and for toxocariasis, if dog or cat faeces is considered), and soil-skin exposure for strongyloidiasis and hookworm disease
. For fascioliasis, the route of infection is ingestion of aquatic plants, most commonly watercress, which carry metacercariae from snails infected via fluke eggs shed by infected animals in their faeces.