The local incidence of catheter-related thrombosis and infection (and their related costs) and the cost of heparin-bonded catheters need to be considered in a cost-benefit analysis.
Using these search strategies, only two studies were identified in children (1,2) and a single study of heparin-bonded catheters in adults (3).
Ninety-seven patients were randomized to heparin-bonded catheters and 103 patients randomized to standard catheters.
The adhesion of various strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis to heparin-bonded catheters was significantly lower than control catheters.
In the study presented the use of heparin-bonded catheters demonstrated a reduction in the risk for thrombosis.