Grapevine cold hardiness
is comprised of anatomical, cellular and biochemical characteristics that are controlled by the grapevine genome.
The objective of the present study was to gain insight into the cold hardiness
Maddi also concluded that these hardiness
skills could be learned at any point in life.
"Across 2 years of study, no significant differences due to pruning time were observed, so growers can confidently continue early pruning of both northern-adapted cultivars and, more importantly, the newer hybrid cultivars without concern of affecting winter hardiness
," says Ehlenfeldt.
and optimism accounted for 29% variance on professional life stress.
However, this relationship may be affected by individual differences in personality factors (Di Fabio, Palazzeschi, Asulin-Peretz, & Gati, 2013) such as hardiness
, a personality trait that enhances stress tolerance and enables individuals to perform well when they encounter difficult circumstances (Maddi, 2002, 2013).
has been studied mainly in relation to health status and individual differences in the link between stress and illness.
The independent variable measured by this study was the intervention program, "Hardiness
Education." Each participant received an intervention of a 1-hour hardiness
education session given by the researcher on stress management and effective coping strategies.
The 2015 blizzard would not be the storm to help them win their winter hardiness
The use of hardiness
zones for gardening first started in the United States.
is a psychological concept used to describe the trait or characteristic of those who remain physically or mentally healthy when and after confronting hardships, trauma, and life obstacles .
The concept of Hardiness
or Hardy Personality was first proposed by Suzanne Kobasa (Kobasa, 1979) as a personal resource against the effects of negative or stressful events on health and, specifically, as a buffer of occupational stress (Kobasa, 1982; Kobasa, Maddi, & Kahn, 1982).
(8-11) After a brief historical overview of the health-promoting effects of exercise and physical activity, the following topics are discussed: the concept of hardiness
and mental toughness and how they relate to resilience and physical fitness; how physical fitness promotes resilience; the clinical implications of a sedentary lifestyle; and the relevance of physical fitness and resilience to Army Medicine's Performance Triad.
The resiliency of families, based on family functioning and family hardiness
, may influence caregivers' anxiety while their child is in the hospital undergoing treatment for his or her chronic illness.