She shows that the degree of fusion between a stem and an inflectional affix and consequently the extent to which the shape of a stem changes across the various dimensions of a paradigm diagrams the degree of "semantic relevance" of each grammatical category
to the meaning of the lexical item (1985a: 36-37, 1985b: 26-28, 1988: 129-131).
This suggests that there may be typological differences in the grammatical category
of perfect markers: further research on cross-linguistic uses of the perfect in natural spoken discourse may lead to a typological differentiation between perfect markers that encode a temporal-relational meaning, versus perfect markers that develop emphatic uses and crucially include the notion of current relevance.
A form of analogy that the author returns to in chapter 4 is prototypicalization: a reanalyzed structure is likened to the prototype of the grammatical category
that served as a model for the reanalysis.
Although they form a closed grammatical category
in the language, aspect markers are not phonologically distinguishable from monosyllabic members of lexical categories--they are not unstressed and do not show any phonetic modification such as vowel reduction, and they are of similar duration to forms that belong to lexical categories.
The use of the available grammatical category
iptaras to express the new logical category "priority+posteriority in time" can be described in terms of the -ta-infix alone.
A preliminary definition of this frequently underestimated marker of fictional texts, then, may run as follows: Poetics of grammar means actualization and functionalization of any grammatical category
and structure in order to create and support aesthetic sense.
This is especially evident if we look at the grammatical category
most often correlated with finiteness: tense.
for a grammatical category
occurring in pseudopartitive construction that he believes is universal, but has been neglected by linguists unfamiliar with Asian languages.
In Georgian and, to a lesser degree, Slavic, it is possible to follow the historical evolution of the Slavic-style aspect; language contact in historical times as a triggering factor for the origin and development of this grammatical category
is rather unlikely.
The objectives of the current paper are: 1) to define the pronoun as a grammatical category
and means of impersonal presentation in the English language, 2) to determine the most frequently used classes of pronouns as means of impersonal presentation in English quality press, 3) to identify the reasons for the use of this impersonalization strategy in the quality press, and 4) to compare the frequency of use of the pronouns as means of impersonal presentation.
In the languages which have the grammatical category
of gender, personified images are stenciled basically along the lines suggested by the grammatical gender of the nouns that denote those objects and notions that undergo personification.
Articles as a grammatical category
are not present in all modern European languages, even though they are considered a feature of the so-called Standard Average European (van der Auwera 2011: 293).
In the last two decades, evidentiality as a semantic and grammatical category
has shown an increase in attention from researchers (Bybee 1985; Evidentiality 1986; Willett 1988; Aikhenvald 2004).
However, the core intuition of Ross does not necessarily argue in favour of this approach: it could be, also, that each property corresponds to a formal feature and features combine in different ways inside heads or configurations that collectively define a grammatical category
Arakaki examines the marks of evidence that control the source of speaker identification, then analyzes Luchuan grammar the direct evidence of verb morphology, the inferential and assumed evidence, the reportive evidence as a contribution to the study of evidentiality in Luchuan, and the typological and theoretical study of evidentiality as a grammatical category