irons for smoothing ruffles and flounces.
Our all-time favourite irons, however, go by the name of goffering
irons and they look like little hollow torpedoes on stands.
In some art-historical images, we see veils or underveils whose edges look finely pleated, but in the examples from "li Auduins" and from Porete's chapter 126, the ploy illustrates probably a temporary fold, rather than a more permanent ruffle, fluting, goffering
, or frill in the meulequin's edge.
So I ended up with a lot of irons, including a goffering
iron from Standard Fireworks that had been used to press the pleats into the ends of Christmas crackers.
For every interesting, albeit slightly gratuitous, tidbit of period detail (a "goffering
iron [is] needed for all the ruffles and little tucks"), we're subjected to paragraphs like this:
The result of such relaxation is formation of surface goffering
along the entire length of EVAC microfibers.
They come in a variety of An to mid century goffering
or Picture: metals and make a fascinating and inexpensive collection.