Further, the judicial approach to statutory controversies where the language was uncertain had similarities--not complete, but real--with the approach of the courts to common law controversies--namely, debate among a 'small tightly organized group' including a 'gerontocratic
' profession wedded to cohesion and continuity.
Furthermore, the women demanded that neither women nor men should pay taxes or stall levies in the markets, that prices of produce should be raised and prices of imported goods reduced and that they did not want any Warrant Chief to be appointed over their communities unless they are the ones who elect such persons and hold them accountable in line with the traditional democratic system that the British were eager to overturn and contrary to the picture of Igbo society as patriarchal and gerontocratic
as painted by the authors.
ABOBO, Williams, "Revising the Gerontocratic
Myths in African Political Leadership", Ghana Web, 11 de febrero de 2010.
Smith argues that changes in the desert political economy, involving ceremonies, inter-group competition, social obligations, social hierarchy and gerontocratic
privilege, may have created a spiralling demand for exchange goods.
As Carboni (2007) puts it, "Italy is falling behind and the unconcern of our elites about our future is probably the consequence of the obsolescence of the country and of our circles of power ruled by a gerontocratic
The gap between the generations of the Lele began to gradually deepen, causing imbalance in traditional social system because "the belief in witchcraft supported the unstable gerontocratic
structure, maintained the system of matrimonial exchanges, accounted for deaths and illnesses and justified compensation to bereaved relatives [allegedly victims of witchcraft]" (ap).
The establishment of the communist political elite on the political-ideological criterion, on the loyalty towards the unique party and the communist regime has led, especially in the first period of the regime, to the regeneration of the political elite in a very slow pace, which determined the forming of a "gerontocratic
Exempting a few whose work she admires (including three contributors to this volume: Austin-Broos, Kowal and Merlan), Langton accuses today's anthropologists of being committed to 'a gerontocratic
Aboriginal world of the past' and ignoring the demographic fact that the Aboriginal population today is 'overwhelmingly young' (p.
Following in the traditions in which he was taught, the church Kivebulaya founded can be characterized, to use Wild-Wood's terms, first as "gerontocratic
," meaning that the eldest members claimed authority over church matters; second as "male-dominated," meaning that liturgical as well as pastoral initiative remained in the hands of men; third as "vernacularized," meaning that at most points the Anglican Church experience had been fused (acculturated) with the Hema cultural experience (42).
He then makes a key observation, which he later repeats several times: "The pattern of de-intellectualizing the communist leadership, which had prevailed for decades, took the form in the late 1970s of a gerontocratic
Politburo that was incapable of intelligent decisions" (145-46).
The debates about wedding protocols also demonstrate the complexity of issues that seem, on the surface, to be about ethnicity: in fact, they also involve consideration of whether and why gerontocratic
or meritocratic principles should determine where power lies; whether and why Christianity or humanism should frame ceremonies; whether and why weddings are primarily public statements about relationships between families or private statements about love between individuals; whether and why parents' views are more important than those of their children who are marrying; and finally, whether and why various ethno-cultural elements and symbols might be incorporated in a social sequence.
A key question in the study of North-East African age systems, for instance, has been whether age classes are a latent military system presenting a mere "ceremonial facade for gerontocratic
[male] power," or whether their functions are as important as "generating communal identities from enmity and belligerence [by being] part of the institutionalization of the confrontational scenario between enemies" (Simonse & Kurimoto, 1998, pp.
Both pageants express nostalgia for and anxiety over the failure of gerontocratic
hierarchies, and, as Christie argues, recognizing these contemporary references demonstrates how the pageants bring local political and social issues into a public forum.
Michel Winock underlines the fact that "Ces jeunes eprouvent la sensation d'etouffer dans une societe de gerontes qui remache l'age d'or de la Belle Epoque" (205) ("These youth felt suffocated in a gerontocratic
society that was brooding over the myth of the Belle Epoque").
(26) For a gerontocratic
state, taking advice not only from immediate forebears but also from those of ancient history, would have been perceived as philosophically and practically sound: as early as 1417, Francesco Barbaro stipulated that the study of ancient authors was a necessary prerequisite for effective service to the state.