The fact that Genital tuberculosis
may be asymptomatic and could often go unrecognized or masquerade as other gynaecological conditions make it all the more necessary for a high degree of vigilance to be in place for proper diagnosis and treatment.
is often found in the fallopian tubes first and most frequently followed by the endometrium, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and vulva .
Abdallah, "Clinical presentation and epidemiology of female genital tuberculosis
in eastern Sudan," International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol.
An in- house research has established a correlation between infertility in women and female genital tuberculosis
( TB), which is one of the potential causes of infertility in women.
Cystic ovaries, endometriosis, uterine myoma, genital tuberculosis
and hypo-plastic uterus were also seen.
Female genital tuberculosis
is a complication of extra-pulmonary TB affecting mainly the fallopian tubes but also the endometrium or ovaries.
: A major pelvic factor causing infertility in Indian women." Fertility and Sterility 67(3): 497-500.
Rani PR found that in patients of genital tuberculosis
,  the most common site of involvement is endometrium in 46.6% cases.
In India, Female genital tuberculosis
is a rampant disease, which is also growing as a major health issue that leads to infertility.
Other than trauma to gravid uterus, the etiological factors leading to Asherman's syndrome are mullerian duct malformation, genital tuberculosis
, insertion of intrauterine device and uterine surgery like caesarian section, diagnostic curettage, myomectomy, hysteroscopy surgery, etc.
Healed genital tuberculosis
; a new etiologic factor in ectopic pregnancy.
is one of the commonest causes of infertility due to chronic pelvic inflammatory disease in women of developing countries (1-5).
Schaefer differentiates the types of genital tuberculosis
Female Genital Tuberculosis
(FGTB) is still a major cause of infertility in India in spite of the availability of specific therapy.
Infertility is a problem of immense magnitude and out of the many causes of infertility in India, female genital tuberculosis
(GTB) plays a major role.