Fundamental particles have "inherent" number of spin, equal to integral or half-integral number (in Planck constant units), which never changes.

Particularly, the observable mass distribution of celestial bodies is connected via scaling with the mass distribution of

fundamental particles [9], that can be understood as contribution to the fundamental link between quantum--and astrophysics.

Rumours have been circulating with increasing fervour over the past few days that the chaps at the Large Hadron Collider at Cern in Switzerland are on the point of making an announcement that they have discovered the Higgs Boson, the elusive sub-atomic particle predicted by the Standard Model of

fundamental particles, which is thought by some to be what gives mass to other particles.

No one said that figuring out the most basic constituents of the universe--the

fundamental particles that make up matter and transmit forces--would be easy.

As shown in [5], it is not the SM mathematics, but the "standard" view of the mathematics that results in the Cosmological Constant Problem while hiding Nature's mass symmetry, a symmetry in keeping with the cosmological constant and a symmetry that results in a single mass formula for the

fundamental particles ([W.

Taking a mass symmetric approach to

fundamental particle mass leads to an eloquently simple spin quantized mass relationship between the stable spin 1/2 electron and proton mass and the unstable spin 1 [W.

Using proprietary solution methods, Reaction Design's simulation software resolves particle size distributions based on the

fundamental particle growth, coalescence and oxidation processes occurring within a combustion chamber.

This is because the mass of a

fundamental particle is a fundamental property of the particle itself, or, in a composite quantum mechanical system such as an atom, the mass is the sum of the masses of all its building blocks minus the binding energy between those constituents.

Put simply a photon is the

fundamental particle of light.

In an earlier 1994 paper [1] I discussed how the SM continuous gauge group could be acting like a "cover group" for its finite binary rotational subgroups, thereby hiding any important underlying discrete rotational symmetries of these

fundamental particle states.

He was part of the team that discovered a

fundamental particle called the top quark at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in 1995, one of the most prominent physics results of the decade.

Objective: The CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has opened a new exciting era in

fundamental Particle Physics, by reaching energies never probed before in a collider experiment.

According to experts, photonics -- which takes its name from the photon, the

fundamental particle of light -- promises high-speed, high-capacity fiber optic Internet communications for use in next-generation applications in education, medicine, entertainment and commerce.

Then in 2012 ATLAS collected more collision data, which we added to our search to determine if it was a bona fide discovery; by July 2012 it was confirmed a new

fundamental particle had been discovered.

In addition to its education and research programs, the Duke center will emphasize research and development partnerships with the many photonics-related corporations in the state, as well as with North Carolina universities involved in the technology of computing and communicating using photons - the

fundamental particle of light.