Increased oxygen levels also resulted in significantly lower survival rates of Indianmeal moth pupae in response to 24-hour fumigations with 500 and 1,000 ppm phosphine at 10[degrees]C, and complete control was achieved at 1,000 ppm phosphine at 60 percent oxygen," says Liu.
There are few workable options to kill the pests, and methyl bromide fumigation is the most common one.
During the transitional period between Ecuador's presidential elections in December and Correa's January inauguration (see NotiSur, 2007-01-26), border-area fumigations played a central role.
The fumigations and alleged incursions of Ecuadoran airspace by Colombian military aircraft have put a serious strain on bilateral relations.
are going after the lowest people on the chain," says Arenas.
helicopters and contractors in a campaign of aerial fumigation
, which, since 1996, has also destroyed food crops and farm animals, ruined water supplies and caused severe health problems.
of fresh logs with a fumigant (sulfuryl fluoride) known to kill living parenchyma cells throughout the sapwood was successful in prevention of graystain in lumber after air-drying and planing.
and militarization of the southern region of the country.
During research, attention focused on designing a system to fit current procedures for typical commodity fumigations
The same day that the Environmental Defense Council announced that a Ventura strawberry grower would not fumigate his field with methyl bromide, the Department of Pesticide Regulation said it would permit further fumigation
at a Camarillo farm.
In structural fumigations
, homes are typically sealed with a large tarp before methyl bromide is pumped into them.
with Vikane(R) gas fumigant is the only proven solution for 100-percent control of drywood termite infestations throughout an entire structure, including infestations hidden in inaccessible areas.
Yet columnist and publisher Daniel Samper Pizano says that President Alvaro Uribe, when campaigning in May 2002, promised to end the fumigations
begun by former President Andres Pastrana (1998-2002).
About half the structural fumigations
in California are done with methyl bromide, half with sulfuryl fluoride.
With over 100 years of combined experience in all aspects of import/export fumigations
, their personnel will be able to handle any situation that Food Safety Systems may encounter," stated President of Food Safety Systems, Bill Karney.