It also seems that there are time-sequences when global economic processes require the establishment of larger territorial states (for example the constitution of the Ottoman or of the Habsburg states, or the unification of Germany and Italy in the 19th century), followed by periods of political fragmentation
(the emergence of nation-states all over Eastern Europe between 1830 and 1918-23), followed by political and economic standardization of larger clusters of countries (the Cold-War division of Europe into two antagonistic power-blocs), replaced again with political fragmentation
(Eastern Europe and the Soviet space after the collapse of Communism).
These examples demonstrate that fragmentation
cannot be described from a static perspective.
A good indication of the fragmentation
of the social sciences is the increasing number of specialized journals.
It will require reams and reams of numbers to visualize what is happening during fragmentation
in a meaningful manner.
Wright (1984) stated that rehabilitation counseling suffers fragmentation
like no other profession and is going in all different directions.
There are some reasons to do the fragmentation
of the database in distributed systems [OV95]:
reports on index fragmentation
and index memory usage
Given that jurisdictional fragmentation
cannot be firmly cabined into the "early modern" period, and hence that this is no story about the "early modern" alone, one could well ask what might be at stake in writing the history of European colonialism as a history of jurisdictional fragmentation
euro area countries and fragmentation
in the rest of the currency union
M2 EQUITYBITES-July 18, 2014-Valeant awarded US FDA 510(k) approval for the VICTUS Femtosecond Laser Platform for laser-assisted lens fragmentation
during cataract surgery
M2 PHARMA-July 18, 2014-Valeant awarded US FDA 510(k) approval for the VICTUS Femtosecond Laser Platform for laser-assisted lens fragmentation
during cataract surgery
OpenSignalMaps has this to say in its report: "Device fragmentation
is increasing, and with it the reach and density of the Android operating system.
In particular, our recent work identified 82 programs supporting teacher quality, which are characterized by fragmentation
of production; the impact of outsourcing on the Japanese economy.
pattern is important, as there are many animal and plant species, requiring certain habitat sizes, edge zones and characteristics of forest stands (Grashof-Bokdam 1997; Gibbs 1998).