strongly crenulate on posterior surface, with deep concavity between flagellomeres; mandible not distinctly broad apically; posterior hypostomal carina unmodified, without a tooth; protibial spur with apex of rachis very short (less than one-third of malus length), with less than five elongate branches (not including apical portion of rachis); S3-S5 with distal margins distinctly convex; S5 with midapical row of spines medially projecting.
The following abbreviations were used for the setae of the flagellum
, following Monjaraz-Ruedas et al.
Based on its length, each antennule was divided into the lateral and medial flagella, and each flagellum
was subsequently separated into three parts.
The prototype microbot, which the scientists hope would eventually be capable of performing precise operations like clearing up clogged arteries, also has a Trypanosoma-like flagellum
that enables it to swim.
(27-30) The synchronous sliding is associated with the bend growth at the base of the flagellum
while the metachronal sliding is associated with the propagation of bends of constant angle.
Simple setae occur on the antennular flagellum
during all ontogenetic stages.
9-10) slightly bulbous at base, elongate, apical process of median lobe short and not bifid, flagellum
well sclerotized and developed, moderate in length and curved subapically; paramere (Fig.
The second part discusses the relationship with the host in detail, including such topics as mucosal influence, siderophores, biofilms, oxidative stress, the role of the flagellum
, and the difference between infection in humans and colonization in other host species.
The data in Table 3 indicate that the most encountered morphological violations of boars sperm cells when growing them in the southern subzone of the Chuvash Republic are the loop form of the flagellum
end, an uneven contour of the middle part, and a cytoplasmic droplet on the flagellum
is an attachment that overhangs from the body of some eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells.
The initial infection-spreading cells of the fungus, called zoospores, swim by lashing a hair-like flagellum
and don't have a cell wall.
They were long, slender and constantly rotating by flickering their anterior flagellum
. The body was frequently twisting or folding upon itself.
filiform, with 26 segments in female (Fig.
Now researchers who study biofilms that cohabitate with marine sponges have discovered a quorum-sensing signal that controls the formation of the flagellum
, a corkscrew-like appendage that rotates and allows bacteria to swim away from a biofilm.
The culprit is a dinofla-gellate ("dino" = two, "flagellate" = flagellum
or whip-like structures).