It is the crushing of the Zheng maritime empire as part of the Qing suppression of the Three Feudatories
revolt that weakens Hang's attempt to refute the standard historiography originally enunciated by John King Fairbanks, the doyen of Chinese studies in the United States, who maintained that continental China always held the ultimate political and cultural symbols of power.
The revolt's striking feature is the fact that many elements of the Latin feudatories
-- themselves somewhat assimilated by intermarriage and acculturation into their Greek context -- joined forces with Greek elements to carry out this eventually abortive revolt, which "sought to redefine the people of this colony as neither Greek nor Latin but as Cretan" (166).
With improved communication, and an even richer complex of sponsoring sources, we move across time in the 460s and 470s to the startling achievements of the Vakatakas at Ajanta and Bagh, and finally to the related developments of the Vakatakas' feudatories
Some of the Chinese Emperors even mistook Nepal for a "Buddhist land" and issued letters of imperial patronage and authorization to local feudatories
(See Ming TiCs Letter to Shaktiramsimha Vardhana of Palancho dated NS 535, No.87 in this compilation).
Accounts of Conrad's expeditions to Italy provide an opportunity to discuss the monarch's impact on relations between the ranks of the lower nobility or valvassores and the great ecclesiastical and secular feudatories
. The remainder of the book is organized topically rather than chronologically.
of the Jiangnan Gentry during the Three Feudatories
Rebellion of the
(15) Thereafter, there was not much interaction between the rulers of Vijayanagara and the Portuguese, and the latter had to deal with one of the Vijayanagara feudatories
, the Nayakas of Keladi or Ikkeri.
When the Manchus were threatened by the 'Three Feudatories
" rebellion (1673-81), they turned to a Jesuit, Ferdinand Verbiest, who directed the casting of mobile artillery pieces of his own design (Di Cosmo 2001).
He relates the events of the War of the Three Feudatories
from 1673-1682, and his perspectives on military life, survival, and killing.
The foreigners were disarmed as a safety precaution the Chinese officials from the Board of Ceremonies insisted on, following attempts by Chinese feudatories
to assassinate the Emperor during audiences, though despite the ambassador's displeasure it was a common practice in Europe as well, as O.
Trier and Cologne were regarded as sovereign princes as feudatories
of the Empire.
XIX: The Punjab and its Feudatories
, part I (Calcutta: Govt.
Principal wars: Manchu conquest of China (1615-1660); Revolt of the Three Feudatories
"Pacali Bhararha" is the deity the three feudatories
of lower Kathmandu mentioned as the 'witnesss' in the copperplate stipulating the principal article of their agreement (thiti) to boycott, or not to follow, the cult of Jugi (Yogi) Samaragi, evidently a proponent of Natha sect.