Family Istiophoridae sensu Robins and de Sylva 1960
OCPC 31001, Oso Member, Capistrano Formation, late Miocene, California, compared with the mean (z), observed range (or), and number of bones examined (n) for the same variables of eight extant species of the family Istiophoridae. Abbreviations for variables are explained in the Materials and Methods section of text.
Four billfish species (Family Istiophoridae
) range the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent waters of the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico: sailfish, Istiophorus platypterus; blue marlin, Makaira nigricans; white marlin, Tetrapturus albidus; and longbill spearfish, Tetrapturus pfluegeri (Robins and Ray, 1986).
This has not yet been achieved for larval billfishes of the family Istiophoridae
from the Atlantic Ocean: sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus), blue marlin (Makaira nigricans), white marlin (Tetrapturus albidus), and longbill spearfish (Tetrapturus pfluegeri).
Approximately 160 whole and partial skeletons of Recent specimens representing seven species of the family Istiophoridae
were examined and used for comparisons with the fossil material.