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Antonyms for causative

producing an effect

References in periodicals archive ?
As stated above, ubilla is to be interpreted as a 3rd person singular factitive preterite and the subject is clearly the god mentioned on the first line, Isme-karab.
Substantive deverbatives fall under action, agent, patient and factitive nouns.
Both classes of action nouns (d1 and [d.sub.2]) as well as factitive nouns ([d.sub.2]) employ identical suffixes.
For one thing, nothing except the factitive prefix can intervene between the causative marker and the verbal root, implying the iconic closeness of their connection.
It is generally believed that the verb form now seen as "passive" or impersonal used to be an active factitive or reflexive--for some linguists, finite--form, and the noun in question was its subject.
A proportion of action nouns are lexicalized into one-word factitive and/or resultative (further on to be referred to as factitive) nouns.
Specifically, the adjective lu 'u is translated by the Chicago Assyrian Dictionary as "soiled, dirty, unclean, sullied" and the factitive D-stem verbal form is glossed "to defile, desecrate (a sanctuary), to dirty (an object)." (28) In several texts this term is employed in relation to the spread of disease.
These numbers stand for the action noun (1), action noun admitting its own factitive and/or resultative lexicalization(s) (2), agent noun (3), patient noun (4), deverbal adjective (5), present participle (6), passive modal adjective (7), and past participle (8): multiply 1275, multiplying 1380 (1), multiplication 1384 (2) multiplier 1420 (3), multitipliant 1430 (5), multiplying 1425 (6), multiplicable 1471 (7), multiplied 1463 (8).
Grammatical abbreviations ALL allative suffix ANTER anterior suffix -ee AOR aorist conjugation BENEF benefactive verb suffix -al CONJ conjunctive verb affix -a CONN connective suffix (singular -u/plural -i) di/d imperfective predicative nexus marker COMPEMPH complement-emphatic focusing conjugation SUBJEMPH subject-emphatic focusing conjugation VBEMPH verb-emphatic focusing conjugation FACT factitive verb suffix -al FOC lexical-subject-focusing suffix -a FUT future conjugation formed with di + perfect inflection IMPER imperative conjugation IMPERF imperfective suffix -y ITER iterative verb suffix -aat NEG negative conjugation or negative suffix -ul OPR object pronoun PARTIC exclamatory particle PAST past suffix - (w) oon PFT perfect conjugation PRED imperfective predicative auxiliary (cf.
Rather than having a passive sense of "holding a feast" (as in Hebrew and Aramaic), the verbal form is factitive, resulting in the creation of a specialized place.
(in the sense of "what was his connexion with the TV"), which allows, among other things, a factitive response such as (26), and a response in which he is not agentive:
This factitive realization makes the effort to characterize the form of that emotion essentially ambiguous, for the audience is itself situated in a particular social and historical context that may considerably influence its response to a given drama.
In this case tuwarni- exhibits factitive -n-; du-dduwar-, intensive reduplication, regardless of whether it proves to be an intransitive oppositum to tuwarni- as Gotze (1933, 214-15) thought or a virtual synonym with van Brock (1964, 142).
In sum, although Tropper's conception of the difference between causative and factitive is flawed, and his understanding of the Semitic stem system is, in general, somewhat unsophisticated, his detailed analysis of all of the relevant Ugaritic material will be most useful for those involved in the comparative study of the causative stem in Semitic.