Vascular and Other Central Processes Affecting the Facial Nerve
. A variety of central pathologies can affect the intracranial portion of the facial nerve
, including cerebrovascular accident (CVA), brain tumors (primary and metastatic), and multiple sclerosis.
Grewal, former professor in otolaryngology and head and neck surgery at Tamil Nadu Medical College in India, brings together surgeons, anesthesiologists, otolaryngologists, and other specialists from India, Turkey, the US, Brazil, Europe, and Australia for 21 chapters aimed at otolaryngologists covering surgery of the facial nerve
, with description of techniques and many intraoperative photos of the facial nerve
and its anatomy and pathologies.
Over the course of several studies, our laboratory has shown that daily ES applied to the facial nerve
proximal to the site of injury affects early events in the nerve regeneration process, and therefore functional recovery, in rats by initiating axon sprout formation [5-7].
Most problems involving the facial nerve
involve paralysis, commonly Bell's palsy.
Disease clearance and facial nerve
decompression was performed around 5mm on both sides of the exposed ends, and temporalis fascia graft was used to cover the cavity wall.
During the surgery to remove the tumor, Fishman transplanted a sensory nerve graft from Broderick's lower leg to reconstruct the facial nerve
. A few weeks later, he performed an orthodromic temporalis tendon transfer.
palsy (FNP) is generally a unilateral entity and it is very uncommon to find a bilateral facial nerve
Preoperative MRI revealed intact cisternal segment of the facial nerve
(Figure 2a) and the tumor involvement of the cisternal portion of the auditory nerve (Figure 2b).
Herein, we report a T4 parotid recurrent SCC that required wide excision en bloc with the facial nerve
, neck dissection, primary reconstruction with a pedicle pectoralis myocutaneous flap and postoperative radiotherapy.
It was seen that the fracture line crossed at the geniculate ganglion of the facial nerve
The classic CT findings suggestive of a PSA include a soft-tissue prominence in the region of the tympanic segment of the facial nerve
and the absence of the ipsilateral foramen spinosum.
It was painless and progressively increased in size with no history of facial nerve
The pathogenesis of secondary FMS can be clarified by using neurological examination methods and auxiliary strategies, including tumors in the cerebellopontine angle, inflammation, arterial aneurysm, brainstem encephalitis, syringobulbia, craniocerebral injury and symptoms of later-stage facial nerve
However, the facial nerve
palsy after scalp blocks is a very rare complication.
Of all the cranial nerves, the facial nerve
is most susceptible to injury.