As predicted by Grunig's theory, the problem facers were separated from the fatals by interpersonal discussion (.51).(64) Hypothesis 1a is supported.
Believability (.52) was associated with the problem facers on function 1 and believability separated the routines (-.47) from the constrained on function 2.
Level of involvement, which was measured by the perceived importance of the earthquake prediction, separated the problem facers (.76) from the fatals on the first function.
The perceived influence of discussions with other people did separate the problem facers (.52) from the fatals.
In the analysis, the problem facers (.32) and the routines (.69), both publics characterized by low constraint recognition, were associated with believing that most other people in the area could protect themselves from an earthquake, that is, the low constraint recognition publics were associated positively with low societal-level constraint recognition.
The problem facers (.42) were separated from the fatals on the first function and the routines (.38) were separated from the constrained on the second function.
As expected, the perceived influence of interpersonal discussion and news media use were associated with the problem facers. The problem facers were more likely than other publics to talk about the earthquake problem, and they perceived that those discussions had an influence on their perception of the importance of the problem.
The problem facers and the routines, who believed they could do something to protect themselves from an earthquake, believed that other people in the area could also protect themselves from the earthquake.
Perceived preparedness and willingness to pay more taxes did separate the problem facers and routines from the fatals and the constrained on two functions.