Fluid management in critically ill patients: the role of extravascular
lung water, abdominal hypertension, capillary leak, and fluid balance.
The AO and the proximal end of the lumbar artery were gently pulled, while the C-shaped extravascular
stent was placed around the compressed LRV through the gap [Figure 1]k.
In warm antibody AIHA, IgG type antibodies bind to erythrocyte surfaces at 37 [degrees]C and cause mostly splenic hemolysis and extravascular
The classification criteria for CSS comprise asthma, eosinophilia (>10% on differential), mononeuropathy, non-fixed pulmonary infiltrates, paranasal sinusitis, and biopsy containing a blood vessel with extravascular
Abbreviations LUS - lung ultrasound EVLW - extravascular
lung water BLS - B line score kT/V - marker of dialysis adequacy Dry weight is defined as the lowest tolerated post-dialysis weight and is reached with gradual lowering of weight to the value at which there are minimal signs and symptoms of hypo - or hypervolemia .
VAC system improves local blood flow and oxygenation by removing the enzymatic wound fluid and reducing interstitial edema with the help of sub-atmospheric pressure from the extravascular
The hemodynamic parameters measured during every condition were mean arterial blood pressure, central venous pressure, pulmonary artery pressure, heart rate, continuous central venous oximetry, cardiac output, stroke volume variation, global ventricle ejection fraction, global end diastolic volume and extravascular
lung water index.
The American College of Rheumatologists' criteria for diagnosis include asthma (a history of wheezing or the finding of diffuse high-pitched wheezes on expiration), greater than 10 percent eosinophils on the differential leukocyte count, mononeuropathy (including multiplex) or polyneuropathy, migratory or transient pulmonary opacities on imaging, paranasal sinus abnormality, biopsy containing a blood vessel showing the accumulation of eosinophils in extravascular
areas, where four out of six criteria should be fulfilled for the diagnosis .
Vasogenic edema is the most common type of cerebral edema and develops as a result of breakdown of blood brain barrier and consequent albumin and fluid shift from the intravascular space and into the extravascular
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a rare multisystem disorder characterized by necrotizing vasculitis and extravascular
Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome is a rare syndrome with the following diagnostic criteria: major criteria: polyneuropathy, monoclonal plasma disorder, Castleman's disease, sclerotic bone lesions, increased vascular endothelial growth factor; minor criteria: organomegaly, extravascular
volume overload, skin changes, endocrinopathy, papilledema, thrombocytosis, and polycythemia [2, 9].
In contrast, the reflux constant ([K.sub.ep]) reflects the rate at which the contrast agent transfers from the extravascular
extracellular space back to the blood.
The first radiologist determined a diagnosis based on the X-ray images, and the second radiologist determined a radiologic score related to the extravascular
lung fluid according to the reference .
Different concentrations of local anesthetics in the venous and arterial compartment were observed in other studies after extravascular
administration as well and they show that an equilibrium was reached after 2h of extravascular
administration [7, 8].
Because of extravascular
fragment location and/or retrieval failure, only 50% of the patients were recognized to be fragment free .