The patient, Balaji, was born with a condition known as Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex where the patient had an inability to contol his urination, due to an absent continence mechanism (which normally helps to hold back urine) and incompletely formed male sexual organs.
Exstrophy-Epispadias complex and other similar birth defects including hypospadias can and should be corrected at the appropriate time and with proper surgical technique and care.
INTRODUCTION: The Exstrophy-epispadias complex (EEC) is the most serious form of abdominal midline malformation.
(4.) Ambrose SS, O'Brien DP: Surgical embryology of the exstrophy-epispadias complex. Surgical Clinics of North America, 1974; 54: 1379-1390.
(5.) Boyadjiev SA, Dodson JL, Radford CL, Ashrafi GH, Beaty TH, Mathews RI, Broman KW, Gearhart JP: Clinical and molecular characterization of the bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex: analysis of 232 families.