Not nonbeing" or "not nothing" is the absolute existent's illusory double that exists solely in thought and is negative precisely because it is a reflection of the absolute existent.
Negative philosophy's source of necessity is Reason's inherent desire to secure that which has the capacity to go beyond the absolute essence into the absolute existent.
Reason desperately yearns for the immediacy of the absolute existent and is unfulfilled by just forming concepts for epistemological reassurance.
In order to ground positive philosophy, positive philosophy must be able to show that the absolute existent grounds negative philosophy.
23) In other words, the absolute existent grounds Reason by virtue of making the latter cognizant of its limits; this cognizance alone provides Reason with the stability it desires.
In other words, the absolute essence (concept) is the result of the absolute existent (being); as such, the positive philosophy must necessarily begin with the absolute existent.
29) In fact, the act of revelation, by virtue of eluding conceptual definition, can be understood as a form of nonconceptual grounding, as that which explains the free movement beyond Reason and necessity, starting from the "actual God" or the absolute existent and moving towards the negative philosophy.
Fackenheim, however, insists that the jump from the absolute existent to Reason is impossible because Christianity, as a negative system, cannot ground Reason.
A non-relative or absolute existent is one whose reality and meaning is for itself and not dependent upon another reality or meaning--as in the case of "man".
If man, in actuality, were not "needy", then he would have to be an independent existent, as there is no other logical possibility, and this is absurd.
If it were otherwise, and God's majesty or the reality of the Qur'an that is with Him were to directly manifest themselves in this lower world, then there would remain no place for the manifestation of the other existents and inhabitants of the natural and imaginal worlds.
This cannot be taken to mean, however, that realities of the higher level are brought down to the level of the lower so as to be counted as one of the existents of that lower level.
From the vantage point of the Qur'an, because the entirety of the universe has come from God by way of tajall, He is the One who is with all existents in all states, yet can never be counted alongside any one of them and is Unique from them.
Due to the fact that this physical displacement takes place in a certain time, all material existents necessarily have a temporal nature.
In an initial categorization, all existents can be divided into two groups, absolute (nafsi) and relative (nisbi).