Treatment was graded as described in Wintrobe's Haematology  (Grade 0- no treatment, Grade 1- phototherapy alone, Grade 2- phototherapy and IVIG, Grade 3-phototherapy, IVIG and single exchange transfusion
, Grade 4-phototherapy, IVIG and multiple exchange transfusions
) haemoglobin levels, disease severity and intensity of treatment were recorded.
The patient was treated by applying phototherapy for 28 hours without the need for advanced treatment methods such as intravenous immunoglobulin or exchange transfusion
Predictors of repeat exchange transfusion
for severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.
Efficacy and safety of exchange transfusion
as an adjunct therapy for severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria in non-immune travelers: a 10-year single-center experience with a standardized treatment protocol.
Phototherapy was given to all neonates while exchange transfusion
was performed in 5% who had total serum bilirubin [greater than or equal to] 20 mg/dl.
Other frequent indications were neonatal exchange transfusions
, 1460 of 2202 (66.
Changes in haematology and blood chemistry before and after exchange transfusion
are shown in Table 3.
Brucella melitensis in blood cultures of two newborns due to exchange transfusion
Keywords: Neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia, Sensorineural hearing loss, Kernicterus, Exchange transfusion
The initial transfusion should be an exchange transfusion
and may be followed by simple transfusions.
The neonates were predominantly treated with phototherapy and a small minority required exchange transfusion
In addition to the initiation of the massive transfusion protocol, additional treatments that may be helpful in managing the coagulopathy of AFE include tranexamic acid, recombinant factor Vila (rFVIIa), and exchange transfusion
The exclusion criteria comprised signs of sepsis, electrolyte impairment, any congenital anomalies or diseases, seizure, formula feeding, hemolytic disease, and need for exchange transfusion
On day 5, the patient underwent a 300-mL volume exchange transfusion
because of increasing oxygen requirement, despite continuous positive airway pressure (fraction of inspired oxygen 50%) and increased leukocyte count (64 cells/[mm.