ML estimation of Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) signals has been studied extensively for Rayleigh fading environment in [1-4] and for Rician channel in .
Since maximum likelihood estimation results in an efficient estimator for most practical cases , we have applied this estimation technique in this research.
Age estimation is especially difficult when it comes to the assessment of young persons (aged 15 years to early 20s) where physical maturity does not necessarily equate to being an adult.
To the Editor: Requests for medical practitioners to perform age estimations in children and juveniles without formal documentation in South Africa (SA) are usually made by the courts or social workers in line with the provisions of the Child Justice Act.
In network topologies with a central data fusion, each agent sends its data to the center, and the maximum-likelihood estimation
would be computed in the fusion center.
of stature from footprint and foot outline dimensions in gujjars of North India.
Definitions of estimation
vary in the literature; Dowker (1992, p.
In this case, state estimation
or fault estimation
The destination of this exploration is consequently two-fold: To figure out which of the conventional expense estimation
systems are utilized on nimble tasks.
pe process didn't include solutions neiper to pe problems of pe attitude control nor orbit estimation
 deals wip pe problem of attitude and orbit determination and control for a small geostationary satellite.
The accuracy of clinical and sonographic estimation
of fetal weight was determined with respect to the following: (1) mean of the error (EFW - ABW/ABW), (2) mean of absolute error (absolute value of EFW - ABW/ABW), (3) mean percentage error ([EFW - ABW] x 100/ABW), (4) mean of absolute percentage error (absolute value of [EFW - ABW] x 100/ABW), and (5) ratio (%) of estimates within 10% of actual birth weight (true when absolute percentage error is not more than 10%).
Kriging is a geostatistical estimation
method which can be considered as the best unbiased estimator.
In this paper, we propose a time-domain approach to channel estimation
using wavelet decomposition.
The study presented here investigated students' concepts and skills in one science area: the estimation
is a prediction process of defining the required cost in order to get the accurate cost of equipping facility, producing goods or providing services.