Results: The success rate of BiPAP through endotracheal tube
Conclusion: Local application of betamethasone gel was associated with reduced risk of post-operative sore throat as compared to local application of lidocaine gel on the endotracheal tube
During intubation, the transducer (High frequency 10-15 MHz linear probe, Mindray Machine) was placed just above the suprasternal notch for transtracheal real-time (Transverse view) ultrasonography for direct visualisation of passage of the endotracheal tube
into the trachea or oesophagus.
Any adult trauma patients, referred from emergency department, operation room or floor, to the one of these six intensive care units, initially evaluated by our research team; if the patient has including criteria, then enrolled in our study, after obtaining informed consent from the patient or his/ her legal guardian: has an endotracheal tube
, anticipating the need for mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours, hasn't any history or evidences of pneumonia, heart disease, airway problem, cervical spine injuries, immune deficiency state, obtaining immune-suppressant medications (cytotoxic chemotherapy or taking corticosteroids at a dose greater than 160 mg, hydrocortisone, prednisone 40 mg, 6 mg of dexamethasone or its equivalent).
There are many methods to check the placement of the endotracheal tube
, including the clinical method (auscultation of respiratory sounds, observation of the symmetry of chest expansion), palpation techniques (palpation of the endotracheal cuff in the suprasternal notch), imaging methods, capnography, direct visualization of the tip of the tube in relation to the carina using a fiberoptic bronchoscope (1) and ultrasound, (5) by either visualizing the tube directly in the airway or corroborating bilateral pleural sliding using a linear probe.
Siela also reports that, if VAP rates are high, a switch to an endotracheal tube
with a subglottic feature may be warranted.
A prospective comparison of diaphragmatic ultrasound and chest radiography to determine endotracheal tube
position in pediatric emergency department.
Keeping the reference point of medial border of mandible, a through and through passage created, wide enough to insert endotracheal tube
, in floor of the mouth.
Four per cent patients in reinforced laryngeal mask airway group required repositioning of the tube vs no patient in endotracheal tube
Removal of the endotracheal tube
after general anesthesia has been reported to cause laryngospasm .
A major cause of tracheal morbidity is that the pressure exerted by the endotracheal tube
cuff exceeds the capillary perfusion pressure, causing ischaemia.
Caption: Figure 1: A) Vocal cord evaluation using C-MAC with endotracheal tube
This grant has been awarded to the company's wholly owned subsidiary, Semprus BioSciences, which plans to use the fund to support the research and development of a surface-modified endotracheal tube
that combines the Semprus Sustain Technology with the delivery of antimicrobials.
In a 2002 survey of 26 physicians (primarily ENTs), there was a strong consensus (76%) who favored a small endotracheal tube
Intubation of the trachea with an endotracheal tube
(ET tube) is a very common anaesthetic procedure estimated to be performed 13-20 million times annually in the United States alone (Lovett et al 2006).