Angiosperm seed maturation is a complex process resulting from the coordinated and concomitant growth and development of distinct structures: tegument, endosperm
, and embryo (Ingram, 2010; Kesavan, Song, & Seo, 2013).
However, in Mexico the use of these varieties has not become general practice, and native maize is grown or varieties with a normal endosperm
offered by seed producers (Zepeda-Bautista et al.
Variation in glutclin and high molecular weight endosperm
proteins among subspecies of rice (Oryza sativa L.
cylinders containing zygotic embryos were removed from mature fruits (10-11 months old).
The entry of sugar from the endosperm
is evidently very slow, at any rate during the greater part of this period, for it exercises very little influence on the carbohydrate metabolism.
Coconut water is the liquid endosperm
from a tropical crop--Cocos nucifera L.
Obtaining flour from wheat involves separating the endosperm
(the flour) layer from the hard outer shell (the bran) and an inner layer called 'aleurone.
For this determination, the embryo axis and the endosperm
In addition during the production of artificial seed one can study seed coat formation, fusion of endosperm
in embryo development and seed germination.
Apomicts reproduce clonally through seeds, including apomeiosis, parthenogenesis, and autonomous or pseudogamous endosperm
formation in the analyzed nine species is of the cellular type (Figure 2D), in which ontogenetic seed studies are needed to precisely evaluate the endosperm
IPB has developed a new white endosperm
corn variety with high levels of essential amino acids lysine and tryptophan.
A lengthy chapter on wheat characterizes the protein classes of wheat endosperm
, the functional roles of gluten proteins in baking properties, nutritional aspects of wheat proteins, wheat-related disorders, and proteomic approaches to wheat grain protein analysis.
It consists of the 'aleurone' layer that surrounds the starchy endosperm
of the wheat kernel and is proven to contain the grain's highest content of valuable nutrients, including dietary fibre, vitamins and minerals.
A whole grain is a cereal grain that contains the germ, endosperm
, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm