An Expert in Premium Research Reports, "Market Research Future", in this report studies the Global Spongiform Encephalopathy
Market status and outlook of Global Market 2019.
This disease, called hepatic encephalopathy
, may manifest itself in a wide spectrum of symptoms, even including a coma.
The neurological changes seen in patients with renal disease and hypertension was first recognized in 1928 & termed hypertensive encephalopathy
.  In 1984 the aetiology was established to be cerebral oedema due to disruption of the blood-brain barrier.
Hypoxic Ischaemic Encephalopathy
(HIE) remains a problem of great concern worldwide especially in developing countries.
The psychometric hepatic encephalopathy
score (PHES) and repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status (RBANS) are the two most extensively used paper-and-pencil psychometric tests for MHE diagnosis (Table 1) (6,10-18).
These diseases include KCNQ2 neonatal epileptic encephalopathy
, which is caused by mutations in the KCNQ2 gene and loss of function in nerve-cell potassium channels.
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy
(CTE) is caused by repetitive concussive/sub-concussive hits to the head sustained over a period of years and is often found in football players.
In 1976, Sarnat and Sarnat  reported that 25% of newborns with moderate encephalopathy
and 100% of newborns with severe encephalopathy
had a severely abnormal neurological outcome or were dead at 1 year of age.
usually affects adults with a female-to-male ratio of 4:1.
refers to the changes that occur in the brain as a complication of diabetes," says Dr Muhammad Hamed Farooqi, Director and Consultant Endocrinologist, Dubai Diabetes Centre.
One etiology for refractory hepatic encephalopathy
(HE) is the presence of a portosystemic (PS) shunt.
Therapeutic hypothermia is considered as a standard of care in the treatment of moderate to severe hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy
in neonates [greater than or equal to]36 weeks of gestation and is considered safe and effective.
The first is an exclusive license for the commercialisation of US Patent #6,630,507 "Cannabinoids as Antioxidants and Neuroprotectants" (the "'507 Patent") to research and develop novel cannabinoid-based therapeutics to treat hepatic encephalopathy
(HE); and the second is a non-exclusive license under the same '507 Patent to treat chronic traumatic encephalopathy
Objective: Zinc is a vital trace element and its deficiency in cirrhosis might potentiate the development of hepatic encephalopathy
. The objective of this study was to assess the zinc levels in serum of patients having viral cirrhosis and compare it with normal healthy controls.
Posterior reversible encephalopathy
syndrome (PRES) is a neurological condition first described in 1996  and defined as reversible subcortical vasogenic brain oedema presenting with neurological symptoms  including encephalopathy
, seizures, headaches and visual disturbances.