Despite its title, Berlin's The Long Emancipation is the shorter path; it is simply the expanded text of the Nathan I.
primacy" in the story of emancipation be longs to "black people, free and slave," without whose "resistance to captivity .
In so doing, the slaves "drove the issue of emancipation to the top of the wartime agenda.
In that circumstance, can we realistically talk about a "general strike" by the slaves, a "guerrilla war" against slavery, much less suggest that they possessed the critical political mass that "drove the issue of emancipation to the top of the wartime agenda"?
What was required for emancipation, and not just escape, was a change in the slave's legal status, and that could come in only two ways: manumission by an owner, or a mass federal emancipation in time of war, as a military necessity.
Nine-tenths of the able-bodied Southern population have been in arms for more than two years" and "the President's Emancipation Proclamation was made public nearly a year ago," concluded Francis Wayland, Jr.
In his splendid study of The Peninsula Campaign and the Necessity of Emancipation (2012), Glenn David Brasher makes the telling point that 'if the North did not emancipate the slaves, the Confederacy would use them on a larger scale.
Likewise, when African Americans like Douglass toured Britain after West Indian emancipation, they "found new self-esteem and acceptance as full humans" in a seemingly less prejudiced society (p.
African American abolitionists and their allies were significantly aided by British emancipation, but American emancipation still required war.