These are patterns we would expect with climate warming, but the picture is a bit more complicated because some species of birds and mammals shifted their elevational
ranges downslope," Beissinger says.
Ultrashort (20-40 ns) probing ultrasonic pulses provide 15-30 pm elevational
The study of local elevational
gradients has great potential for increasing our knowledge about both regional and global scale diversity processes and the implications of climate change.
Instead, long-term monitoring is necessary considering the complexity of tropical avifaunas, which are subject to a constant species turnover involving long-distance and elevational
migrants (Blake, Stiles & Loiselle, 1990) and highly mobile resident species with different sensitivities to environmental impacts.
Leaf morphological traits vary along elevational
gradients so that plants can adapt to their surrounding habitat.
Based on data from a project conducted from 2000 to 2012, this guide profiles 120 species of mammals, such as monkeys, civets, shrews, cloud rats, earthworm mice, rodents, and bats, found on Luzon Island in the Philippines, along with discussion of their biogeography in terms of the climate and habitat, topography and elevational
diversity patterns, geological history and fossil mammals, speciation and diversification, habitat disturbance and invasive species, and conservation.
A number of factors have been implicated as underlying causes of elevational
diversity gradients .
Presently, Colima is the only Mexican state where this species has not been recorded on the Pacific versant below Jalisco, but considering the similarity in elevational
range and vegetation types, F.
But TAP languages easily beat most central New Guinea languages in elevational
complexity: they distinguish three heights (above, below, and level, with respect to deictic center), enriched in some languages with sub distinctions of height related to distance (Abui), steepness of slope (Kamang, Western Pantar), and directionality with respect to the slope (traversing slope or following it) (Introduction, p.
cinereus (Gardner & Handley 2008) has been defined based on two marginal specimen localities in northern Colombia (Magdalena, Bonda; Allen 1900), one in Eastern Cordillera (Cundinamarca, Bogota, Santa Isabel; Sanborn & Crespo 1957), and one in Central Cordillera, in an elevational
range between 1700 and 3500 m (Solari et al.
As no studies have associated species richness patterns of butterflies with environmental gradients of high altitudes in Brazil, we surveyed Hesperiidae ensembles in Serra do Mar along elevational
transects (900-1,800 m above sea level.
My permits allowed me to collect five specimens of each species--essentially, one specimen from each of five elevational
The second part discusses an assortment of topics, including symbiogenesis, cognitive ecology, genetic draft, genomic conflict, avian evolutionary genomics, elevational
gradients, cytonuclear genomic interactions, molecular phylogenetics of Australian flora, introgression of crop alleles, facilitation, assisted gene flow, the genus Spartina, diversification on islands, mate choice, thermal ecology, diversity and competition, ecosystem collapse in the face of climate change, conservation biology, forest lepidoptera, biomass distribution of forests, and symbiont transmission.
Changes in the arthropod community along an elevational
transect in the venezuelan Andes.
Forest structure and live above-ground biomass variation along an elevational
gradient of tropical Atlantic moist forest (Brazil), Forest Ecology and Management 260(5): 679-691.