The use of qualitative data from semi-structured interviews helps unearth a number of features that have received little or no attention with regard to any L1 accent in the British Isles, among them the use of ejectives and an unusually fronted hesitation particle.
As a consequence, this paper, besides giving a general overview of Orkney phonology, also aims to highlight those features of the Orkney accent that have received little or no attention in the literature so far, such as the question of rhoticity, the use of ejectives and the realization of the hesitation particle, as well as a fresh look at the intonation patterns.
The results show a strong correlation between high altitude and the presence of ejectives in languages on, or near, five of the six major high altitude regions on earth where people live.
According to the results, the only region with high elevation where languages with ejectives are absent is the large Tibetan plateau and the adjacent areas.
Stops, ejectives and affricates which do not begin or end a large prosodic unit were measured together in this study.
Final ejectives are pronounced as ejectives in some dialects (Kari 1990; Tuttle 2005b); in others, the glottal component of the consonant occurs as laryngealization on the preceding vowel (Tuttle 2005b).
x [CHI] Nootka MOD constraints: VOICELESSSTOP/EJECTIVE Voiceless stops are ejective DORSALS/LABIALIZATION Dorsals are labialized
Here the MOD constraints express the fact that voiceless stops can be distinctively ejective.
For example, Khan establishes that the emphatics were velarized or uvularized rather than ejectives
, that q was a uvular, that schwa was usually [a], and that r had two allophones, uvular [R]/[[CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]] and linguo-alveolar [r].