, Hadfield (2004: 134) may be right in his hypothesis that Duessa is a metamorphosed "version of Error," just as Mutabilitie is a "transformed version of Duessa."
Plato refers to the appearances the imitator copies and the images the imitator produces as phantoms--phainomena, phantasmata, and eidola
. The painter copies the appearance of material objects, not the reality.
L'individualita dovrebbe avere confini piu vasti: siamo un'infinita di eidola
, di animucule distinte, conflittuali e spesso in lotta tra loro (Manganelli), che si ampliano ad altri fondamentali influssi.
Plato adopted it as a technical term, and as the antithesis to eidola
, or sensuous images; the transient and perishable emblems, or mental words, of ideas.
El argumento de la mimesis se complementa con una breve seccion (598a-c) que ahonda en las razones para considerar las creaciones mimeticas apariencias, o, como seran llamadas en esta seccion, imagenes fantasmagoricas (eidola
According to Epicurus, "All knowledge derives from sensation, which originates in the eidola
effluent from external objects and impinging on sense organs:' These eidola
are "clusters of atoms-a sort of 'skins' released from the surface of material objects:' In Epicurus' analogy, skin designates a residue or peel that detaches itself from a body, collides with, and travels into other bodies.
For poetry, their representations are in ignorance and therefore eidola
while for the sophist, their constructions are phantastike, that is, semblances that give the impression of being fine when they are not; Belfiore, "A Theory of Imitation in Plato's Republic," 131-2.
(19) Finally, in defense of the idea that the shades of the dead in Homer are conceived largely in terms of ineffectuality, we might adduce the description of psuchai as eidola
kamonton (11.476): to be a psuche is to be the "likeness" of a being "worn-out" and "exhausted," a being, that is to say, incapable of doing any further work in or upon the world.
(19) As the descent to the underworld produces an intensification of psyche, Persephone's abduction precipitates the revelation of the already-mentioned "eidola
of Hades," that is, of "the ideational forms that shape and govern life." (20) Thus, David manages to experience order and meaning, and yet, he will prove incapable of responding adequately to them.
(72.) Called eidola
, see earlier in the text of Acts the term kateidolon describing Athens as 'full of idols'.