dysphemistic


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Synonyms for dysphemistic

substitute a harsher or distasteful term for a mild one

References in periodicals archive ?
Metaphor proves to be extremely suitable for dysphemistic creation.
At the end, the book also provides two appendices of euphemistic and dysphemistic metaphors classified alphabetically by source domain, subdivided by source concept, linguistic realization, target concept and number of posting.
On the interpretative level, apart from some debatable classifications (adult films or sex worker seem to me rather metonymical), the categorical division of sources into euphemistic or dysphemistic becomes ocasionally problematic for the author, who recurs to quasi-dysphemism and quasi-euphemism, when particular cases do not fit the initial classification of the source domain.
As a matter of fact, a word or phrase can be euphemistic from the viewpoint of locution but underlie a dysphemistic intention and vice versa.
For the cases when euphemistic, dysphemistic and x-phemistic phenomena merged with metaphor or metonymy I have employed the Conceptual Metaphor Theory, originated by Lakoff and Johnson (1980) and later modified in Johnson (1987), Lakoff (1987, 1993, 2002), Lakoff and Johnson (1999) and Lakoff and Turner (1989).
That is why the receiver's role must not be underestimated in the conceptualisation process of understanding the metaphorical substitute of the euphemistic or dysphemistic choice, since the associative links between the metaphorical item and the taboo require the active participation of the receiver, who is expected to identify the alternative --the euphemism must necessarily be ambiguous to carry out its communicative function-- and decode the writer's or speaker's intention to be respectful or offensive (Crespo-Fernandez, 2008, p.
Prior to explaining the cases in detail, it must be noted that all euphemistic, dysphemistic and x-phemistic examples from the three books of the trilogy were excerpted and considered.
96), something which might be thought of as a dysphemistic phrase, especially due to its bond with depersonification (Kovecses, 2002, pp.
What's more, the opponents of the President's proposals are painted with dysphemistic brushes: the President embraces alliteration reminiscent of Spiro Agnew to denounce the prophets of pessimism and the guardians of gridlock.
But, I believe we contributed to the outcome by helping to frame the debate in terms of how it fit with the purposes of the 1986 Act and to deflate the Administration's dysphemistic "cross-crediting" defense of its proposals.
Next, I proceed to analyse the function of conceptual metaphors in euphemistic and dysphemistic reference, seeking to study the way in which a particular experiential domain is more likely to give rise to verbal mitigation or offence.
It is precisely in this correspondence between the source and the target domains that conceptualization fulfils its euphemistic or dysphemistic function, as will be explained later on.
As certain values are given priority in the metaphorical structuring of a given concept (Lakoff and Johnson 1980: 10), the filter of metaphorical conceptualization through which reality is presented provides us with a partial understanding of the concept, masking or revealing particular aspects of the topic being dealt with, a process which makes conceptual metaphors readily accessible for euphemistic or dysphemistic reference respectively.
The euphemistic or dysphemistic conceptual categorization of sexual taboos is greatly influenced by the degree of lexicalization of the linguistic substitute, that is, the extent to which the tabooed conceptual traits have become associated with the euphemistic or dysphemistic metaphorical alternative.
These metaphorical items are both interpreted in terms of the same conceptual association, though the motivation and the resulting lexical realization of the conceptual association is radically different: the euphemistic alternative eat his meal provides a socially acceptable way of dealing with the taboo of copulation, whereas the dysphemistic term cookie implies that women are simply sex objects to be enjoyed or eaten.