We investigate multiple dimensions and disparities of economic advantage and disadvantage
by contrasting two relatively extreme groups defined as follows (see also Gong et al, 2012):
1995) proposed two explanations for not finding a home disadvantage
in professional ice hockey.
A qualitative difference of the impact of disadvantages
was present as well: women in this cluster rated breastfeeding least positively when confronted with the disadvantage
that it is necessary to watch one's diet when breastfeeding.
Report co-author Louise Bazalgette said: "The extent of severe disadvantage
shows the scale of the challenge for some local authorities, who need to find effective ways to work with families facing a complex set of problems at a time of dwindling public resources.
Maternal asthma, paternal asthma, childhood asthma, maternal smoking and childhood respiratory infections were significantly associated with lower adult forced expiratory volume (FEV1) and defined as childhood disadvantage
2 : a contest in which someone more skilled is given a disadvantage
and someone less skilled is given an advantage
The idea that there were structural causes of disadvantage
, and that policy prescriptions required structural solutions, did not fit well with prevailing policy concerns.
Pediatricians saw many more children overall than did family physicians, but more than 30% of children with at least three markers of disadvantage
saw a family physician for ambulatory care, compared with just under 17% of children with no markers of disadvantage
Exposure to concentrated disadvantage
exerted harsher verbal effects on the youngest kids, the researchers say.
These plans specifically noted the possibility of social disadvantage
(in the form of stigma) as separate from the biological disadvantage
posed by increased risk of infection that these groups would certainly also experience.
UK) present ten papers that expands the concept to take in varied issues of disadvantage
addressed by the field of social work.
Karamat Iqbal, director of Birmingham-based consultancy, The Forward Partnership, said evidence of white minority disadvantage
could be found in the education system.
has been the complexity of the drives themselves.
: customer suspicion, lack of transparency, worsening of terms for customers, although competition between companies may keep margins down - a disadvantage
from the bookmakers' point of view.
A significant disadvantage
of pre-built taxonomies is that because they are not specific to an organization and its objectives, they have limited applicability.