disaccharidase


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  • noun

Words related to disaccharidase

an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of disaccharides into monosaccharides

References in periodicals archive ?
5 years) with chronic abdominal pain who presented to the gastroenterology clinic at Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, the proportion with abnormally low disaccharidase levels in small-intestinal biopsy samples was 37% for lactase, 21% for sucrase, 25% for glucoamylase (which cleaves glucose from maltose or starch), and 8% for palatinase (sucrase-isomaltase).
Berberine suppresses intestinal disaccharidases with beneficial metabolic effects in diabetic states, evidences from in vivo and in vitro study.
Also known as disaccharidase inhibitors, these agents reduce PPG levels but have limited effects on FPG; overall reductions in HbA1c levels tend to be modest.
Disaccharidase activities in children: Normal values and comparison based on symptoms and histologic changes.
Mucosal disaccharidase activity including lactase, sucrase, and maltase were measured by glucose oxidase-peroxidase conjugated method according to Hou et al.
It is also of interest to note that furostanol saponins from fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graeceum), a medicinal plant that is used to treat various diseases, including hypercholesterolemia and obesity, modulate disaccharidase and glycogen enzymatic activities when tested in vivo in rats and have been shown to increase the hepatic glycogen content, lower blood glucose levels and lead to improved results in the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) (Hamden et al.
Key factors include bacterial deconjugation of bile, which induces fat malabsorption, steatorrhea, and fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies; bacterial digestion of disaccharidase enzymes, which furthers carbohydrate malabsorption, fermentation, and gas; and increased intestinal permeability (leaky gut), which often leads to systemic symptoms.
Oral zinc supplements in non-responsive coeliac syndrome: effect on jejunal morphology, enterocyte production, and brush border disaccharidase activities.
Intestinal disaccharidase deficiency without villous atrophy may represent early celiac disease.
Effects of murine giardiasis on growth, intestinal morphology, and disaccharidase activity.
The changes in pro-inflammatory cytokines, intestinal morphology, and disaccharidase activities in the small intestine were determined in particular.
These nonabsorbable disaccharides are hydrolyzed to absorbable monosaccharides by disaccharidase enzymes present in the small-intestinal mucosa: lactase, sucrase, maltase, and isomaltose, respectively.
Keywords: Ilex paraguariensis Glycemi Insulin Diabetes Glycation Disaccharidase