stomatitis is a seasonal disease that has been recognized as a syndrome in yellow eyed penguin (Megadyptes antipodes) chicks in New Zealand for >10 years.
2%) for the outbreak was low; the death of young golden conures with diphtheritic
lesions and 2 adult dusky parrots that demonstrated conjunctivitis and cachexia were accompanied by complications by Candida albicans and Capillaria sp.
Complete heart block due to diphtheritic
myocarditis in the present era.
The lesions are diphtheritic
in character and involve the mucous membrane to such a degree that when removed an unabated area is left.
Occasionally, the exudate appeared more diphtheritic
and encased the heart.
Hypokalaemic periodic paralysis, diphtheritic
paralysis, trauma, paraneoplastic neuropathy, vasculitis, botulism, degenerative causes, ADEM, porphyria, infections like paraspinal abscess.
1) Avian poxvirus is reported to occur in 3 forms, the wet or diphtheritic
form, the dry or cutaneous form, and the systemic form.
Cutaneous APV infection is characterized by nodular lesions on featherless areas of the body; diphtheritic
APV infection usually results in higher death rates and produces nodular lesions on the mucous membranes of the mouth, esophagus, and/or trachea (1).
A Canterbury doctor, Walter Hacon (29), reported in the NZMedJ (30) that to resuscitate a five-year-old "strong child" in respiratory arrest--attributable to chloroform being administered for a tracheotomy to relieve diphtheritic
obstruction--he intubated him with a catheter (Footnote 5).
Havaldar PV, Sankpal MN, Doddannavar RE Diphtheritic
myocardiatis: Clinical and laboratory parameters of prognosis and fatal outcome.
This was in consistence with the study of Piradov MA, Pirogov VN, Popova LM, AvduninalI A (5) on 32 patients with severe form of diphtheritic
polyneuropathy where bulbar nerve are involved.
Caused by fowlpox virus (FWPV), the disease is primarily found in 2 forms, cutaneous and diphtheritic
A novel avipoxvirus caused diphtheritic
lesions in the esophagus of five and in the bronchioli of four Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus), and also cutaneous lesions in 8 Magellanic penguins housed in outdoor enclosures in a rehabilitation center at Florianopolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil.
pseudotuberculosis, can be lysogenized by diphtheria toxin-encoding bacteriophages; this process enables the organism to induce its characteristic sequela (the diphtheritic
membrane) in the host.
In the present article, we describe severe fatal diphtheritic
pharyngitis and esophagitis caused by Streptoeara incognita in 3 female mute swans (Cygnus olor) in Bosnia and Herzegovina.