As this process occurs, the choroid plexus develops from blood vessels that invade the ventricles from the diencephalon
and the myelencephalon.
Numerous sites of dysfunction have been speculated, from the upper brain stem and diencephalon
(Bullard), brain stem (Cartlidge & Shaw, 1981), orbital frontal cortex (Strum, 2002), and, more specifically, the anterior hypothalamus or medulla (Boeve et al.
At 29 hours, the optic vesicle, which later gives rise to the optic cup, was visible as an extension of the diencephalon
The target is presented to one eye and the information is conveyed to two regions of the brain, the optic tectum and the nucleus rostrolateralis in the diencephalon
These impulses, emotions, and feelings are located in the diencephalon
, which is well developed in many other species of animals, especially mammals and birds.
30 The device is designed for non-drug treatment of diencephalon
disorders, pain syndrome of different ethiology, and localization.
Destruction of a critical array of neurons within the "whole" brain (hemispheres, diencephalon
, and brain stem) is necessary for death because: 1) the vital functions of respiration and control of circulation are subserved by the brain stem; 2) the critical integrative functions are subserved by both the brain stem and hypothalamus; and 3) the wakefulness component of consciousness is subserved by the brain stem and the awareness component of consciousness by the thalamus and cerebral cortex.
at the top of the brain stem which evolved four hundred million years ago is the seat of appetite; the limbic system or "reptile brain" which is the seat of aggressive behavior (spiritedness), evolved as a quasi-separate organ added onto the top of the brain stem three hundred million years ago; and two million years ago the "rational" part of the brain, the cerebral cortex, evolved as another organ grafted on top of the rest of the human brain.
lens thyroid cell glomeruli skin alveoli tonsil oculus limb mandible lung tricuspid ulna cerumen thumb esophagus molar talus vein glottis spine jejunum throat epiglottis muscles mitochondrion kidneys coccyx retina hypothalamus triceps sebum sternum thalamus spleen metacarpals keratin phalanges sacrum insula femur intercilium platelets xiphoid arteries calcaneus knuckle peroneus incisor epicondyle intestine diencephalon
tibia brachioradiaiis epidermis thyrohyoideum cartilage cholangioles vertebra platysma chromosomes gastrocnemius cornea acetabulum dendrites laryngopharynx melanin sternocleidomastoid capillaries genioglossus bronchi glossopharyngeum diaphragm olecranon abdomen pterygopalatine larynx coracobrachial trachea iliopsoas
mitochondrion coccyx hypothalamus sebum thalamus metacarpals phalanges insula intercilium xiphoid calcaneus peroneus epicondyle diencephalon
brachioradialis thyrohyoideum cholangioles platysma gastrocnemius
lens cell skin tonsil limb lung ulna thumb molar vein spine throat muscle kidneys retina triceps sternum spleen keratin sacrum femur platelets arteries knuckle incisor intestine tibia epidermis cartilage vertebra chromosomes cornea dendrites melanin capillaries bronchi diaphragm abdomen larynx trachea thyroid glomeruli alveoli oculus mandible tricuspid cerumen esophagus talus glottis jejunum epiglottis mitochondrion coccyx hypothalamus sebum thalamus metacarpals phalanges insula intercilium xiphoid calcaneus peroneus epicondyle diencephalon
brachioradialis thryrohyoideum cholagioles platysma gastrocnemius acetabulum laryngopharynx sternocleidomastoid genioglossus glossopharyngeum olecranon pterygopalatine coracobrachialis iliopsoas
, Basal Ganglia, Basal Forebrain and Amygdala
It is expressed in the nuclei of thyroid follicular cells, certain lung cells (mainly Clara cells and type II pneumocytes), and cells in the diencephalon
area of the brain.
At necropsy, the cerebellum, brainstem, and diencephalon
appeared normal in shape and volume (Figure).
Analysing the MRI images, the researchers observed that in patients with anorexia compared with healthy subjects, a certain network pathway between the cortex and the diencephalon
is less activated.