In this study it became evident that some Zinophora species have a thumb on the apical region of the telopodite which is formed into a single finger-like projection (Zinophora munda group, 9 species), whereas some species have a single saucer-shaped laminate plate with a dentate margin
(Zinophora gracilis group, 9 species), while in others it is represented by two processes which are a combination of the aforementioned character states.
Movable finger with small lobe (eminence) proximally; movable finger length 72-89% (L) or 99-105% (9) greater than length along ventroexternal carina (Table 1); dentate margins
of fixed and movable fingers each with eight oblique denticle rows, in addition to short apical row of four denticles; each row terminating in large denticle at proximal and distal ends; rows slightly imbricated, terminal denticle of each row displaced distally from the main row by space of one or more denticles; internal and external supernumerary denticles present in addition to internal and external accessory denticles; fingers each with an enlarged terminal denticle.
12 (n = 20); dentate margins
of chela fingers usually bearing fewer primary denticles than in A.
of fixed finger with primary row divided into five subrows by four enlarged denticles; six inner accessory denticles.
1C) clearly differs in the leaf blades with puberulous lower surface, the hypanthium 6-8 mm long, and the calyx lobes > 1 cm long, strongly reflexed, with dentate margins