and reintegration programs: An assessment.
On March 4, during an appearance before the full Tribunal de Justicia y Paz--a special agency established by the Corte Suprema de Justicia (CSJ) to hear matters regarding human rights violations--paramilitary leader Freddy Rendon Herrera said that the first demobilization
, in November 2003 in the northwestern city of Medellm, was "a con, a farce that the government accepted knowing that it was legalizing the situations of many drug traffickers and their assassins."
The soldiers were part of a broad demobilization
of about 2,700 Oregon soldiers who left last May for two months of training in Georgia before heading to Iraq and Kuwait.
The one well tie back and completion program in the Jacky Field, Inner Moray Firth, is expected to begin mid-March 2009 and run approximately 20 days, excluding mobilization and demobilization
The troops suspected their superiors of suppressing urgent demands by War Minister Shinwell that demobilization
should proceed at normal rates.
On July 22, President Uribe signed into law a legal framework to govern the demobilization
of illegal armed groups.
This is not surprising, given the high uncertainty of the implementation period; there is a gap between the concessions required in the peace agreement--such as demobilization
or political power sharing--and the actual steps needed to achieve those goals.
TAP serves military personnel with at least 180 days of active duty who separate or retire and members of the Reserves and National Guard who are released from active duty, a process termed demobilization
. Recently, the Reserves and National Guard have been called to active duty in greater numbers than at any other time since the Korean War.
"There is a real risk," Human Rights Watch reported in January, "that this demobilization
process will leave the underlying structures of these violent groups intact, their illegally acquired assets untouched, and their abuses unpunished."
Despite the fact that Australian Anglicans initiated a marriage counseling movement as early as 1948, specifically to address marital strife that grew out of demobilization
, counseling needs and expressing anger and grief did not find a social outlet until after the Vietnam War.
and its member states must support all disarmament, demobilization
and reintegration efforts in Africa and everywhere there is the need of such activities," he said.
The contract value was estimated at some USD4.5m, including a mobilization and demobilization
fee of USD1.8m.
Conversion Survey 2004--Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization
by the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC), publ.
The center integrates a multidisciplinary standard-of-care continuum with specific services, including precrisis education/inoculation; individual, team, mental health practice, and community basic and advanced training; triage/assessment/referral for initial/follow-up treatment; individual peer support; small- or large-group defusing; small-group debriefing or demobilization
; individual traumatic stress reduction management; pastoral/bereavement counseling; employee assistance services; and a wellness program.
and reintegration programs overwhelmingly focus on men.