PHSKC recommended restricting access to the tree and surrounding areas until it could be appropriately cleaned and consulting with a veterinarian about implementing regular deworming for their dog, because canines can be a definitive host for B.
Gammarids regularly harbor manipulative acanthocephalan parasites that modify their anti-predator behavior in ways that potentially increase the probability of trophic transmission to their definitive hosts.
Environmental impacts influence the density of intermediate and definitive hosts, making them more susceptible to infections (Lafferty & Holt 2003) and giving way to an increase in prevalence and even to the pathogenicity of parasites (Holmes 1996).
The causative tapeworm lives in the small intestine of definitive hosts, such as dogs and other canids , whereas, when transmitted to humans, it can affect various organs, including the liver, lungs, brain, and the urinary tract .
Dioctophyme renale (Goeze, 1782) is known as giant kidney worm since it is frequently found in the renal pelvis of the definitive host and can be up to 100 cm long, the largest nematode described in mammals.