Tularemia, also known as deerfly
fever or rabbit fever in the United States, yato-byo in Japan, and lemming fever in Norway, is an infectious disease caused by the gram-positive bacterium Francisella tularensis.
Tularemia (also known as rabbit or deerfly
fever) is an acquired bacterial illness that is typically transmitted to humans after skin or mucous membrane exposure to infected animals including rabbits, muskrats, beavers, hares, voles, and various hard ticks.
Caloric reserves in natural populations of blackfly, Simulius decorum (Diptera: Simuliidae), and deerfly
, Chrysops ater (Diptera: Tabanidae).
Editorial Note: The organism that causes tularemia was isolated from humans in 1919 during an investigation of the cause of deerfly
fever in Utah.
Humans can contract the potentially life-threatening disease, commonly known as rabbit fever or deerfly
fever, by coming into contact with infected animal tissue or from tick, mosquito and deerfly