Uno de los factores mencionados en la decidualizacion, que tambien actua en el proceso de invasion, es el LIF (Factor Inhibidor de Leucemia), que interviene a traves de varios mecanismos en esta etapa, estimulando las celulas del trofoblasto, las que adquieren la capacidad de invadir la decidua
, iniciando la implantacion.
The immunophenotype of human decidua
and extra-uterine decidual reactions.
The TGFB1 gene mRNA level in decidua
and chorion is the same in the condition of miscarriage (Figure 4B).
Especialmente no caso de Tabebuia impetiginosa, sendo uma especie decidua
, possui de folhas de vida curta nao-escleromorfas que sao caracterizadas pela alta capacidade fotossintetica e grande atividade do metabolismo do nitrogenio (LARCHER, 2006), o que pode ser observado atraves da taxa de assimilacao liquida (TAL) e da quantificacao de nitrogenio total (Figuras 1E e F).
cytokines and growth factors in human early pregnancy decidua
by protein array.
Moreover, the role of cytokines in the decidua
is important in the maintenance of pregnancy [10-13].
The maternal decidua
basalis is a major source of oxidized macromolecules that appear in the maternal circulation as a result of pregnancy .
The diagnosis of a PAS is made on the basis of histopathologic examination and characterised by an absence of decidua
and chorionic villi are seen to directly adjacent to myometrial fibres (Figure 1).
In pregnancy, immunoregulatory cytokines and cells are present in the mother's circulatory system and accumulate in the decidua
and can modify autoimmune responses influencing the symptoms of autoimmune disease.
In Pakistan only two species Capparis spinose and Capparis decidua
The aim of this study was to measure the concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH) D), IL-17, IL-23 and TGF-[beta], and the expression of CYP27B1 and VDR, in the decidua
of women with RSA in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Based on palatability Prosopis cineraria and Acacia nilotica were highly palatable, Calligonum polygonoides, Suaeda fruticosa, Salsola baryosma, Haloxylon recurvum, Capparis decidua
, Calotropis procera and Tamarix aphylla were moderately palatable whereas Haloxylon salicornicum was less palatable.
 These numbers remain high during early pregnancy, constituting 70% of the T lymphocytes at the interface between maternal decidua
and the invading trophoblast and are the most predominant leucocyte population during the time of implantation and early pregnancy.
Regarding the physio-morphological changes that characterize the PE, in normal pregnancies, the spiral arteries of the myometrium and the decidua
, which perfuse the placenta, undergo severe remodeling, includig disintegration of the tunica media and the internal elastic lamina, as well as replacement of the endothelium by extravillous trophoblast cells expressing endothelial phenotype.
The TG activity of FXIII contributes to several processes, including wound healing, bone extracellular matrix stabilization, and the interaction between embryo and decidua