de jure segregation


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Related to de jure segregation: de facto segregation
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Words related to de jure segregation

segregation that is imposed by law

References in periodicals archive ?
Plaintiffs would, for instance, need to demonstrate the extent to which current achievement gaps are traceable to prior de jure segregation. (83) Having announced an immediately available defense to school desegregation in Freeman and a huge evidentiary barrier to school improvement in Jenkins, courts rapidly dissolved school-desegregation cases across the country.
and maintaining de jure segregation at the local level, making them
This school dissimilarity index fell from 81 percent to 71 percent between 1968 and 1980, when southern schools were taking strong steps to eliminate de jure segregation. And it continued to decline--albeit at a slower pace--after 1980, falling to 66 percent by 2012.
It is about our civil rights movement that ended de jure segregation; our peace movement that ended a war; and our consumer and environmental movements that have given us cleaner water, purer air, safer food and medicines and legal protections against profiteers.
de jure segregation, parents have the right to send their children to
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, (58) the Court ruled that in a public school system with a history of de jure segregation there is a "presumption against schools that are substantially disproportionate in their racial composition." (59) Segregation was a form of proof that the underlying constitutional violation had not been remedied.
In the move to dismantle de jure segregation, signs were removed and discarded.
Comments about the Roma people offered by students were, "They commit crimes, don't work and have babies to live off the state," and "I do not attend school with Roma people nor do I want my children to be educated with them." We discussed the pitfalls of stereotyping and I encouraged them to analogize the condition of the Roma people to the struggles of Black Americans in the context of de facto segregation and de jure segregation. While some students understood the invidious nature of racial prejudice, a few were unable to liken the historical plight of racial minorities in America to the Roma people.
Jelks deftly explains that black people in Grand Rapids did not face de jure segregation in the way that their brethren did in the South.
The shift happened as a result of two developments: first, states that never participated in de jure segregation decided to combat de facto segregation; (17) second, states that did practice de jure segregation kept their integrative plans in place even after achieving what the courts call "unitary status." (18) This label means that school districts under desegregation orders by federal courts have "implemented a desegregation plan in good faith and that the vestiges of discrimination have been eliminated to the extent practicable." (19) In other words, federal courts do not compel unitary school districts to continue their integrative plans.
They mandated de jure segregation in all public facilities, with a "separate but equal" status for black Americans and members of other non-white racial groups.
Augustine as a city still uncomfortable with its past, where de jure segregation has been supplanted by systematic neglect and isolation.
The Mendez case established that the de jure segregation of Latino--"Spanish surnamed"--children fosters an inferiority inimical to the principles of equality.
de jure segregation argument served only to incur lectures from some of the Justices on how to interpret the law.
Or to put it more accurately, Williams enables the players in this important history to narrate their tale and in so doing they tell a story that reaches back to the Great Depression era of de jure segregation and spans the postwar decades of increasing de facto segregation.